Franklin

Zoo Animal and Wildlife Immobilization and Anesthesia.

Author/Creator:
West, Gary.
Publication:
Somerset : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2014.
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (971 pages)
Edition:
2nd ed.
Status/Location:
Loading...

Options
Location Notes Your Loan Policy

Details

Subjects:
Veterinary anesthesia.
Animal immobilization.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Summary:
Zoo Animal and Wildlife Immobilization and Anesthesia, Second Edition is a fully updated and revised version of the first comprehensive reference on anesthetic techniques in captive and free-ranging wildlife. Now including  expanded coverage of avian and aquatic species, this exhaustive resource presents information on the full range of zoo and wildlife species. Covering topics ranging from monitoring and field anesthesia to CPR and euthanasia, the heart of the book is devoted to 53 species-specific chapters providing a wealth of information on little-known and common zoo and wildlife animals alike. In addition to new species chapters, the new edition brings a new focus on pain management, including chronic  pain, and more information on species-specific physiology. Chapters on airway management, monitoring, emergency therapeutics, and field procedures are all significantly expanded as well. This update to Zoo Animal and Wildlife Immobilization and Anesthesia is an invaluable addition to the library of all zoo and wildlife veterinarians.
Contents:
Cover
Title page
Copyright page
Dedication
Contents
Contributors
Preface
Section I: General
1: Clinical Pharmacology
Introduction
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacodynamics
Inhalant Anesthetics
Physics of Gases and Vapors
Control of the Partial Pressure of Delivered Anesthetic
Minimum Alveolar Concentration (MAC)
General Pharmacological Actions of Inhalant Anesthetics
Clinically Useful Inhalant Anesthetics
Injectable Anesthetics
Barbiturates
Propofol
Dissociative Anesthetics
Miscellaneous Anesthetics
Opioids
Opioid Receptors
Endogenous Opioid Receptor Ligands
Opioid Receptor Signaling and Mechanisms of Analgesia
Opioid Receptor Distribution and Therapeutic Implications
Adverse Effects of Clinically Used Opioids
Opioid Agonists
Opioid Agonist-Antagonists and Partial Agonists
Opioid Antagonists
Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatories
The Cyclooxygenases and Prostaglandin Synthesis
The NSAIDs and Mechanisms of Analgesia
The NSAIDs and Fever
The NSAIDs and Endogenous Antiinflammatory Mechanisms
Other Pharmacologic Considerations for NSAID Use
Contraindications for NSAIDs
NSAIDs used in Veterinary Medicine
NSAIDs Not Approved for Use in Veterinary Medicine (Off-Label Use)
Alpha-2 Adrenergic Receptor Agonists and Antagonists
Introduction
Alpha-2 Adrenergic Agonist Effects
Specific Drugs
Alpha-2 Adrenergic Receptor Antagonists
Phenothiazines and Butyrophenones
Introduction
References
2: Monitoring
Introduction
Monitoring Basics
Why Is Monitoring Important?
What Should be Monitored?
Monitoring the Respiratory System
Pulse Oximetery
Capnography
Monitoring the Cardiovascular System
Blood Pressure
References
3: Airway Management
Introduction
General Principles of Airway Management.
Signs of Airway Obstruction
Approaches to Airway Management
Unsupported Airway
Awake Intubation
Intubation Following Induction
Planning Airway Management
Maintenance of the Airway during Anesthesia
Patient Positioning
Supraglottic Airway Devices
Infraglottic Devices
Subglottic Devices
Aids to Tracheal Intubation
Laryngoscope
Optical Stylets
Flexible Endoscopes
Bougies and Stylets
Gags and Ropes
Methods of Tracheal Intubation
Direct Visualization
Blind Intubation
Palpation Intubation
Retrograde Intubation
Confirmation of Tracheal Intubation
Extubation
Airway Idiopathic Trauma
Cleaning and Disinfection
References
4: Thermoregulation
Monitoring Body Temperature
Hypothermia
Perioperative Heat Loss
Consequences of Hypothermia
Perioperative Hypothermia: Prevention and Treatment
Hyperthermia
References
5: Oxygen Therapy
Why O2?
Hypoxemia and Hypoxia
What Causes Hypoxemia?
What Causes Hypoxia?
Oxygen Sources
High Pressure Oxygen Cylinders
Portable Oxygen Concentrators
Liquid Oxygen Containers
Methods of Administering Oxygen
Intranasal Oxygen
Flow-by Oxygen
Intra/Transtracheal Oxygen
Humidification or Not?
Detection of Hypoxemia and Monitoring the Effects of Oxygen Therapy
Clinical Signs of Hypoxemia and Efficacy of Oxygen Therapy
Pulse Oximetry
Arterial Blood Gas Analysis
What Do Arterial Blood Gases Tell You?
Blood Gas Reference Values
Target PaO2
Discontinuing Oxygen Therapy
What If Oxygen Therapy Fails?
Common Misconceptions
Oxygen Cylinder Use in Wildlife
Ungulates
Carnivores
Portable Oxygen Concentrator Use in Wildlife
Postanesthetic Effects of Hypoxemia
Immobilization-Induced Hypoxemia and Recovery
Oxygen Therapy during Recovery
Oxygen Toxicity
References.
6: Analgesia
Introduction
Physiology of Pain
Ascending Nociceptive Pathways
Antinociceptive Descending Pathways
Principles of Pain Management
Pain and Its Management in Vertebrate Species
Fish
Amphibians
Reptiles
Birds
Mammals
Pain in Invertebrates
References
7: Physical Capture and Restraint
Introduction
Mammals
Cervidae, Bovidae, and Antilocapridae (Artiodactylids)
Canidae/Felidae
Ursidae
Mustelidae/Procyonidae/Viverridae
Rodents and Lagomorphs
Monotremes/Marsupials
Primates
Bats
Suidae/Tapiridae/Tayassuidae
Camelidae/Giraffidae
Elephants
Birds
Ratites
Waterfowl (Anatidae) and Wading Birds (Herons, Cranes, and Storks)
Galliforms (Pheasant, Grouse, and Partridge)
Hawks, Owls, and Falcons
Passerines
Psittacines
Reptiles
Lizards, Skinks, and Geckos
Reptiles
Turtles/Tortoises
Amphibians
References
Webliography
8: Zoo and Wildlife CPR
Introduction
Objectives of CPCR
Defining Basic and Advanced Life Support
Cardiopulmonary Arrest (CPA) and CPCR: Strategy
Confirm the Presence of an Arrest
Pulmonary Arrest without Cardiac Arrest
The Alphabet of an Arrest: A, B, C
Arrests during Anesthesia
Open-Chest or Internal Cardiac Massage
Indications for Open-Chest CPCR
Technique for Internal Cardiac Massage
The Alphabet of an Arrest: D, E, F
Drugs
Routes of CPCR Drug Administration
Electrocardiogram
Fluids
Monitoring Efficacy of CPCR
Discontinuing CPCR
Prognosis and Return of Spontaneous Circulation?
References
9: Field Emergencies and Complications
Introduction
Precapture Considerations
Planning
Situation
Terrain
Weather
Target Species
Emergency Equipment
Immobilizing Drugs
Capture Techniques
Helicopter Safety.
Animal Safety Considerations for Remote Drug Delivery Equipment
Complications
Stress
Induction
Initial Assessment
Anesthetic Depth and Arousal
Respiratory Depression and Hypoxemia
Hyperthermia
Hypothermia
Vomiting and Regurgitation
Bloat
Trauma
Pneumothorax
Myopathy
Recovery
Mortalities
Euthanasia
Conclusion
References
10: Euthanasia
Introduction
Considerations for Wildlife and Zoo Species
Methods
Assessing Death
Specific Recommendations
Summary
References
11: Remote Drug Delivery
Introduction
Direct Delivery for Cooperative Animals
Training for Direct Drug Administration
Manual Drug Delivery Routes for Cooperative Animals
Remote Delivery Systems for Uncooperative Animals
Historical Development of Remote Delivery Systems
Dart Types
Remote Delivery Projectors
Darting Accessories
Cleaning and Reusing Darts
Drug delivery Problems
Human Safety Concerns during Darting Procedures
Conclusions
References
12: Capture Myopathy
Introduction
History
The Human Comparative
Etiology
Predisposing Factors
Species
Environment
Capture Related
Other Diseases
Nutrition
Drugs
Signalment
Pathophysiology
Clinical and Pathological Syndromes
Capture Shock Syndrome
Ataxic Myoglobinuric Syndrome
Ruptured Muscle Syndrome
Delayed Peracute Syndrome
Differential Diagnoses
Treatment
Analgesia
Dantrolene
Muscle Relaxants
Dietary Supplements
Hyperbaric Oxygen
Sodium Bicarbonate
Fluid Therapy
Nutritional Support
Physical Therapy
Prevention
Conclusions
References
13: Human Safety during Wildlife Capture
Introduction
Risks to Human Safety during Wildlife Capture and Handling
Hazard Assessment
Environmental Risks
Equipment Related Risks.
Animal-Related Risks
Drug-Related Risks
Emergency Preparedness
Preimmobilization Plan
Emergency Response Protocol
Consultation with Medical Professionals
References
Section II: Invertebrates, Fish, Reptiles, and Amphibians
14: Invertebrates
Introduction
Taxonomic Groups
Mollusks
Arachnida
Crustaceans
Insects
Echinoderms
Pain Management
Euthanasia
References
15: Bony Fish (Lungfish, Sturgeon, and Teleosts)
Introduction
Stress and Anesthesia
Taxonomy, Anatomy, Physiology, and Behavior
Respiration
Metabolism
Integument
Size
Environmental and Other Factors
Temperature
pH
Nitrogenous Compounds
Drug Concentration or Dosage
Drug Exposure Time
Vascular Access
Immobilization Methods and Techniques
Manual Restraint
Operant Conditioning
General Suggestions for Anesthesia
Preanesthetic Preparations
Immersion (Inhalant) Anesthesia
Parenteral Anesthesia
Monitoring
Anesthetic Depth
Cardiopulmonary
Water Quality
Recovery
Resuscitation
Anesthetic Drugs
General Comments
Inhalant (Waterborne or Immersion) Drugs
Oral Anesthetics
Injectable Anesthetics
Nonchemical Anesthesia
Analgesia
Euthanasia
Field Immobilization
Postanesthetic Challenges
Acknowledgments
References
16: Elasmobranchs and Holocephalans
Introduction
Anatomy and Physiology
Capture
Physical Restraint
Vascular Access
Preanesthetic Considerations
Chemical Immobilization
Immersion (Inhalation) Anesthesia
2-Phenoxyethanol (2-PE)
Injectable Anesthesia
Injectable Anesthetics
Injectable Anesthetic Combinations
Oral (PO)
Nonspecific "Reversal" Drugs
Monitoring
Recovery Considerations and Postanesthetic Challenges
Field Immobilization
Euthanasia
Acknowledgments
References.
Personal Communications.
Notes:
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
Local notes:
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Contributor:
Heard, Darryl.
Caulkett, Nigel.
Other format:
Print version: West, Gary Zoo Animal and Wildlife Immobilization and Anesthesia
ISBN:
9781118792926
9780813811833
OCLC:
884647841