Franklin

Aristotle on Meaning and Essence.

Author/Creator:
Charles, David.
Publication:
Oxford : Oxford University Press, Incorporated, 2001.
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (427 pages)
Series:
Oxford Aristotle Studies Ser.
Oxford Aristotle Studies Ser.
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Subjects:
Aristotle.
Meaning (Philosophy).
Essentialism (Philosophy).
Necessity (Philosophy).
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Summary:
David Charles presents a study of Aristotle's views on meaning, essence, necessity, and related topics. These interconnected views are central to Aristotle's metaphysics, philosophy of language, and philosophy of science. They are also highly relevant to current debates in philosophy of language. Charles aims, on the basis of a careful reading of Aristotle's texts and many subsequent works, to reach a clear understanding of his claims and arguments, and to assesstheir truth and their importance to philosophy ancient and modern.
Contents:
Intro
Preface
Contents
Abbreviations
Introduction
1. Meaning, Essence, and Necessity
1.1 Introduction
1.2 One Form of Modern Essentialism
1.3 Problems and Alternatives
1.4 Aristotle's Essentialism Introduced
1.5 Existence: Further Differences between Aristotle and my Modern Essentialist
1.6 Necessity, and Essentiality
1.7 Outline of what Follows
PART I: ARISTOTLE ON SIGNIFICATION, UNDERSTANDING, AND THOUGHT
2. Posterior Analytics Β.8-10: the Three-Stage View
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Initial Evidence for the Three-Stage View: Sections [A] and [B] of Β.10
2.3 The First Sentence of Β.10
2.4 Section [B]: The Three-Stage View Developed?
2.5 Section [C]: 93[sup(b)]35-37: Varieties of Stage 1
2.6 Sections [D]-[G]: 93[sup(b)]38-94[sup(a)]10: Further Defence of the Liberal Reading of Β.10
2.7 Section [H]: 94[sup(a)]11-14: Aristotle's Summary of Β.10
2.8 Interim Conclusions and Sceptical Challenges*
2.9 Semantic Depth
2.10 Further Gaps in Aristotle's Account
3. Preparation for the Three-Stage View
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Β.792[sup(b)]4-25: Independence Problem
3.3. Β.792[sup(a)]34-[sup(b)]3, 19 -25: The Formal Problem Introduced
3.4 The Final Argument of Β.7: 92[sup(b)]26-34: Accounts of what Names Signify
3.5 Independence Problem Resolved
3.6 The Formal Problems Resolved
3.7 The Problems of Β.1-2: Their Resolution
3.8 Definitions: Theses: Stage 1 Accounts*
3.9 Conclusion
4. The Signification of Names
4.1 Introduction
4.2 The Basis of an Account: Simple Names and their Signification
4.3 Goatstags, Non-Simple Names, and Existence
4.4 Knowledge, Belief, and Substitution*
4.5 Aristotle's Problem
4.6 Aristotle's Theory? Its Commitments
5. Signification and Thought
5.1 Introduction
5.2 The Analogy Introduced.
5.3 The Analogy Developed: Perception and Likening
5.4 Perception and Error*
5.5 Perception of Common Sensibles: The Causal Model Extended
5.6 The Analogy Applied: Thought
5.7 The Role of the Active Intellect
5.8 Thought and Error*
5.9 The Analogy Reconsidered
5.10 The Analogy and its Gaps
5.11 Thoughts of Objects without Matter*
6. Understanding, Thought, and Meaning
6.1 Introduction
6.2 The Route to Thought
6.3 The Distinctive Nature of Aristotle's Account of Signification
6.4 Aristotle and Modern Essentialism
6.5 Some Objections*
6.6 Conclusion
PART II: ARISTOTLE ON DEFINITION, ESSENCE, AND NATURAL KINDS
7. Definition and Demonstration: The Difficulties Raised in Posterior Analytics B.3-7
7.1 Introduction
7.2 The First Criticisms of the Method of General Deduction: Β.4
7.3 Further Criticisms of General Deductions: Β.6
7.4 Unity, Division, and Demonstration
7.5 Summary
8. Demonstration and Definition: Aristotle's Positive Views in Posterior Analytics B.8-10 and B.16-18
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Demonstration, General Deduction, and Efficient Causation: The Basic Case
8.3 Explanation and Essence: Β.16-18: The Basic Model Extended and Refined
8.4 The Basic Model Amplified*
8.5 The Interdependency of Defining and Explaining
8.6 Definition and Explanation: Interdependency and its Problems
9. Towards a Unified Theory of Definition: Posterior Analytics B.13-15
9.1 Introduction
9.2. Β.13, 96[sup(a)]20-[sup(b)]14
9.3 Genus as an Explanatory Notion: 96[sup(b)]15-25
9.4 Extension Beyond the Mathematical Case: Biology Introduced*
9.5 The Consequences of the General Picture: Explanation and Classification in B.14-15*
9.6 Towards a Unified Theory of Definition
10. Explanation and Definition: The Basic Model Reconsidered and Refined
10.1 Introduction.
10.2 The Importance of the Interdependency of Definition and Explanation
10.3 The Origins of Aristotle's Definitional Constraints
10.4 Definition and Essence: Questions of Priority
10.5 Co-determination, Interdependency, and their Interconnections
10.6 Nous and First Principles in Posterior Analytics Β.19
10.7 Issues and Consequences
11. Substance, Definition, and Essence
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Hierarchy and Definition: Metaphysics Z.1-12
11.3. Ζ.13-17, H.2: The Introduction to the Explanatory Approach
11.4 The Explanatory Approach Continued: Problems in H.6
11.5 The Explanatory Approach Concluded: H.6-10*
11.6 Substance and Definition
11.7 Conclusions and Gaps
12. Biology, Classification, and Essence
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Differentiation of Kinds (1): De Partibus Animalium
12.3 Differentiation of Kinds (2): Historia Animalium
12.4 Establishing the Existence of Kinds: Stages 2 and 3
12.5 The Essence of Biological Kinds (1): The Analytics Model at Work?
12.6 The Essence of Biological Kinds (2): The Paradigm in Danger
12.7 The Nature of the Problem
12.8 The Essence of Biological Kinds (3): The Conservative Approach*
12.9 The Essence of Biological Kinds (4): The Radical Alternatives*
12.10 The Essence of Biological Kinds (5): Aristotle's Middle Way?
12.11 Conclusion
13. Aristotle's Essentialism
13.1 Language, Thought, and Essence
13.2 Co-determination and Interdependency: Aristotle's Basic Position
13.3 The Distinctive Nature of Aristotle's Essentialism. Some Objections
13.4 Further Objections to Aristotle's Essentialism
13.5 Biological Kinds
13.6 Quietism and Silence
13.7 Conclusion
Appendix 1: Aristotle on the Principle of Non-Contradiction
Appendix 2: Essence, Necessity, and the Copula
Bibliography
Index Locorum
General Index
A
B.
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
K
L
M
N
P
Q
S
T
U
Index Nominum
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
W
X
Z.
Notes:
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
Local notes:
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Other format:
Print version: Charles, David Aristotle on Meaning and Essence
ISBN:
9780191520273
9780198250708
OCLC:
654735480