Franklin

Hardtack and Coffee : The Unwritten Story of Army Life.

Author/Creator:
Billings, John D.
Publication:
Scituate : Digital Scanning, Incorporated, 2001.
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (420 pages)
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Subjects:
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Contents:
Intro
DEDICATION.
PREFACE.
CONTENTS.
CHAPTER I.
THE TOCSIN OF WAR.
The Four Parties
Their Candidates
Freedom of Speech Abridged
Secession Decreed
Lincoln Elected
Oh, for Andrew Jackson! Exit Buchanan
"Long-heeled Abolitionists" and "Black Republicans"
"Wide-awakes" and "Rail-splitters
Copperheads
The Misunderstanding
Northern Doughfaces
Loyal Men of All Parties Unite
The First Rally
Preparation in the Bay State and in Other States
Her War Governor
Showing the White Feather
The Memorable Fifteenth of April
The Sweet Little Man"
Parting Scenes
The Three-Months' Men.
CHAPTER II.
ENLISTING.
The President's Error
Three Years Unless Sooner Discharged
How Volunteer Companies were Raised
Filling the Quotas
What General Sherman Says
Recruiting Offices
Advertisements for Recruits
A War Meeting in Roxbury
A Typical War Meeting in the Country
A Small-Sized Patriot
Signing the Roll
The Medical Examination
Off for Camp
The Red, White, and Blue
CHAPTER III.
HOW THE SOLDIERS WERE SHELTERED.
The Distinction Noted Between the Militia and the U. S. Volunteers
The Oath of Muster
Barracks Described
Sibley or Bell Tents
A or Wedge Tents
Spooning
Stockading
Hospital or Wall Tents
Dog or Shelter Tent Described
Chumming
Pitching Shelters
Stockaded Shelters
Fireplaces
Chimneys
Door Plates
Willard's Hotel"
Hole in the Wall"
Mortars and Mortar Shelling before Petersburg
CHAPTER IV.
LIFE IN TENTS.
Life in a Sibley
The Stove
The Pastimes
Postage Stamps as Money
Soldier's Letter
Nary Red"
Illustrated Envelopes
Army Reading
The Recluse
Evenings of Sociability
Pipe and Ring Making
Home Gossip
Music and the Contrabands
War Song Revived.
The "Mud March" Prayer
CHAPTER V.
LIFE IN LOG HUTS.
The Plan of a Camp
Inside a Stockade
The Bunks
The Arrangement of the Furniture
Æsthetic Dish-washing
Lighting by Candles and Slush Lamps
Candlesticks
Night-Gowns and Night-Caps
The Shelters in a Rain
I. C." Insect Life
Pediculus Vestimenti, the Old-time Grayback
Not a Respecter of Rank
The First Grayback Found
(K)nitting Work
"Skirmishing"
Boiling Water the Sovereign Balm
Cleanliness
The Versatile Mess-Kettles
No Magee Ranges Supplied the Soldiers
Washerwomen
No "Boiled Shirts"
Darning and Mending
Government Socks
Cooks
Green Pine as Fuel
Camp Barbers
Future Tacticians
CHAPTER VI.
JONAHS AND BEATS.
The Jonah as a Guardsman
A Midnight Uproar
Put him in the Guard-house
The Jonah Spills Pea-Soup, and Coffee, and Ink
Always Cooking
Steps on the Rails
Tableau
Jonah as a Wood-chopper
Beats
The Beat as a Fireman
Without Water, and Rations, and Money
His Letters Containing Money always Miscarry
Allotments
The Beat as a Guard Dodger
His Corporal Does the Duty
As a Fatigue Detail
Horse-Burying as a Civilizer for Jonahs and Beats
The Detail for the Burial
The Over-worked Man
The Rheumatic Dodge
The Sick Man
The Chief Mourner
The Explosive Man
The Paper-Collar Young Man
Forward, Grave-diggers!
Hurrah! Without the H
CHAPTER VII.
ARMY RATIONS.
Were They Adequate?
Their Quality
A List of Them
What was Included in a Single Ration
What was a Marching Ration?
Officers' Allowance
The "Company Fund"
Hardtack Described
Its Faults Three in Number
Served in Twenty Different Ways
Song of the Hardtack
Soft Bread"
The Capitol as a Bake-house
The Ovens at Alexandria and Fort Monroe.
Grant's Immense Bake-house at City Point
Coffee and Sugar
How Dealt Out
How Stored
Condensed Milk
Company Cooks
The Coffee-Dipper
The Typical Coffee-Boiler
Bivouac and Coffee
How the Government Beat the Speculators
How a Contractor Underbid Himself
Fresh Meat
How Served
Army Frying-Pans
Steak from a Steer's Jaw-Bone
"Salt Horse" Not a Favorite Dish
Salt Pork and its Uses
The Army Bean
How it was Baked
Song of the Army Bean
Desiccated Vegetables
The Whiskey Ration
A Suggestion as to the Inadequacy of the Marching Ration
CHAPTER VIII.
OFFENCES AND PUNISHMENTS.
The Offences Enumerated
Back Talk"
Absence from Camp without Leave
The Punishments
The Guard Tent
The Black List
Its Occupations
Buck and Gag
The Barrel and its Uses
The Crucifixion
The Wooden Horse
The Knapsack Drill
Tied up by the Thumbs
The Sweat-Box
The Placard
The Spare Wheel
Log-Lugging
Double Guard
The Model Regiment
Commanders often Tyrants by Nature, or from Effects of Rum, or Ignorance
Regiment with Hundreds of Colonels
Inactivity Productive of Offences and Punishments
Kid-Glove Warfare
Drumming out of Camp
Rogue's March
Ball and Chain
Sleeping on Post
Desertion
Death of a Deserter Described-Death of a Spy Described
Bounty-jumpers
Amnesty to Deserters
Desertion to Enemy
Hanging of Three Criminals at Once for this Offence Described
Number of Executions in the War
CHAPTER IX.
A DAY IN CAMP. "ASSEMBLY OF BUGLERS." "TURN OUT!" "ASSEMBLY."
How the Men Came into Line
A Canteen Wash
The Shirks
I Can't Get 'Em Up"
All Present or Accounted For"
Stable Call"
Kingly Cannoneers and Spare Horses
Breakfast Call"
"Sick Call"
Fall In for Your Quinine"
The Beats again.
"Lack of Woman's Nursing"
Water Call"
Where the Animals were Watered
Fatigue Call"
What it Included
Army Stables
The Picket-Rope
Mortality of Horses
Scarcity of Wood
Drill Call"
Artillery Drill
Standing Gun Drill
Battery Manoeuvres
Sham Fights
Drilling by Bugle Calls
"Dinner Call"
Retreat"
Scolding Time
Assembly of Guard"
The Reliefs
Fun for the Corporal
Some of His Trials
Next Tent Below"
Tattoo"
Reminiscences
Taps
Put out that Light!"
Stop that Talking!"
CHAPTER X.
RAW RECRUITS.
A Scrap of Personal History
A Parent's Certificate
The Lot of a Recruit
Abused by the Old Hands
Flush with Money
A Practical Joke
Two Classes of Recruits
The Matter-of-fact Recruit a Final Success
The High-toned Recruits
Their Loud Uniform
Scoffers at Government Rations
As Hostlers
The Awkward Squad
The Decline in the Quality of Recruits
Men of '61-2
Unschooled Soldiers
Hope Deferred
One Last Embrace
French Leave Furloughs
Life in Home Camp
Family Knots
A Mother's Fond Solicitude
Galling Lessons of Obedience
Bounties Paid Recruits
I'm a Raw Recruit"
"The Substitute"
CHAPTER XI.
SPECIAL RATIONS. BOXES FROM HOME.
Sending for a Box
A Specimen Address
A Typical List of Contents
Impatience at its Non-arrival
Its Inspection at Headquarters
Its Reception at Camp
The Opening
Box-packing as an Art
The Whole Neighborhood Contributes
Soldiers Who Had No Boxes
The Box of the Selfish Man
His Onions
We've Drank from the same Canteen"
THE ARMY SUTLER
His Stock-in-trade
His Prices
The Commissary
Army Fritters
Sutler's Pies
Sutler's Risks
Raiding the Sutler
What a Sutler Lost near Brandy Station
War Prices in Dixie
CHAPTER XII.
FORAGING.
Strictly Prohibited at First
Two Reasons Why
The Right and Wrong of It
Innocent Sufferers
Unauthorized Foragers
The Destitution of Some Families
The Family Turnout
Wantonness at Fredericksburg
Authorized Foragers
Their Plunder
Foraging at Wilcox's Farm
Tobacco Foragers
The Cavalry in Their Rôle
The Infantry
Incidents
Risks Assumed by Foragers
Union Versus Confederate Soldier as a Forager
CHAPTER XIII.
CORPS AND CORPS BADGES.
What was an Army Corps?
How the Army of the Potomac was Organized
Brigade and Division Formations
All quiet along the Potomac"
Why don't the Army move?"
How Corps were Composed
Their Number
Corps Badges
Their Origin
The Kearny Patch
Worn First by Officers, then by the Privates
Hooker's Scheme of Corps Badges
Its Extension to other Armies
The Badge of each Army Corps Described
CHAPTER XIV.
SOME INVENTIONS AND DEVICES OF THE WAR.
Improvements in Firearms
In War Vessels
Catch-penny Devices for the Soldiers
Combination Knife, Fork, and Spoon
Water Filterers
Armor Vests and Greaves
Havelocks
Revolvers and Dirk Knives
High-toned" Haversacks
Compact Writing-desks Smoking-caps and the Turkish Fez
Hatter's Caps Versus Government Caps
The Numbering and Lettering of Knapsacks
Haversacks and Canteens
How these Equipments Changed Hands
CHAPTER XV.
THE ARMY MULE
Where Raised
Where the Government Obtained Them
What They were Used for
Compared with Horses
Mule Fodder
How a Mule Team was Composed
How it was Driven
How Mules were Obtained from the Corral
The Black Snake and its Uses
An Incident
Mule Ears
His Pastimes
As a Kicker the Original Mugwump
What Josh Billings Knows about Him
His Kicking Range
How He was Shod
The Mule as a Singer.
Under the Pack-saddle.
Notes:
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
Local notes:
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Contributor:
Reed, Charles W.
Other format:
Print version: Billings, John D. Hardtack and Coffee
ISBN:
9781582186290
OCLC:
70768731