Skills Development in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Johanson, Richard K.
Washington : World Bank Publications, 2004.
1 online resource (272 pages)
1st ed.

Location Notes Your Loan Policy


Vocational education -- Africa, Sub-Saharan.
Technical education -- Africa, Sub-Saharan.
Electronic books.
Abbreviations and Acronyms
Executive Summary
Understanding the Labor Market Context and Developments
Making Reforms Work in Public Training
Opening Markets for Nongovernment Training Institutions
Recognizing Formal Sector Enterprises as Trainers
Building Skills for the Informal Economy
Promoting Training Reforms with Financing
Moving Forward with Reforms
1. Introduction and Background
The Rationale for Training
Importance of Training in Sub-Saharan Africa Today
Issues Surrounding TVET
Highlights of Developments in the 1990s
International Assistance for Skills Development
Highlights of the Literature
Modeling Training Decisions
Questions of Particular Relevance to Sub-Saharan Africa
The Africa Regional Review of Skills Development
2. Labor Market Context and Developments
Income and Poverty
Labor Supply
Labor Demand
The Informal Sector
Labor Market Information
3. Making Reforms Work In Public Training
An Assessment of State-Sponsored Training
Making Reforms Work
Priorities and Policy Issues
4. Opening Markets for Nongovernment Training Institutions
Scope and Characteristics of Nongovernment Training
Financing and Costs
Regulation of Nongovernment Training Providers
5. Recognizing Formal-Sector Enterprises as Trainers
Importance of Enterprise-Based Training
Pattern and Determinants of Enterprise-Based Training
Benefits of Enterprise-Based Training
Recruitment Practices
Types of Training
Public-Private Partnerships
Collective Support Services
Coping with HIV/AIDS
6. Building Skills for the Informal Economy
Traditional Apprenticeship Training
Initiatives to Support Training Markets
Training Strategies for the Informal Sector
Toward a Strategy to Improve Traditional Apprenticeship Training
Role of External Agencies
7. Promoting Reforms with Training Finance
Resource Mobilization
Sale of Goods and Services
Allocation Mechanisms
8. Moving Forward with Reforms
The Assessment
Government's Role
Role of International Partners
A Research Agenda
Guide to Appendixes
A. Mali and Senegal: Rationale for Private Provision of Technical-Vocational Education
B. Mali: Private Technical-Vocational Training- Main Findings
C. Senegal: Private TVE-Main Findings
D. Benin: BAA-Improving Traditional Apprenticeship Training
E. Cameroon: APME-Micro Enterprise Support and Promotion Program
F. Cameroon: GIPA-One Association's Approach to Improving Traditional Apprenticeship Training
G. Kenya: Jua Kali Project: Micro and Small Enterprise Training and Technology
H. Kenya: SITE Project: Improving Traditional Apprenticeship Training
I. Senegal: FEDNAPH-A Trade Association Providing Skills Training
J. Tanzania: VETA/GTZ Project: Pilot Programs for Informal Sector Training
K. Uganda: UNIDO/DANIDA/JICA Project: Master Craftspersons Training
L. Zimbabwe: ISTARN-Traditional Apprenticeship Program
M. Training Funds in Selected Sub-Saharan African Countries
Principal Sources
References and Selected Bibliography
1.1 Distribution of Country and Case Studies
2.1 African Firms That Ranked the AIDS Epidemic as Having a Moderate or Major Impact on the Costs of Running Their Businesses
2.2 Labor Force Participation Rates, by Gender, 1980 and 1997.
2.3 Benin: Time Use, by Women and Men
2.4 Adult Literacy Rates, Selected African Countries, 1985 and 1995
2.5 Gross Enrollment Rates in Africa, 1960-97
2.6 Education Levels of Household Heads, Selected African Countries, 1993-97
2.7 Public Sector Wage-Employment, Selected African Countries, 1993-99
3.1 Secondary Enrollments in Technical-Vocational Subjects
4.1 Obstacles to Nongovernment Technical-Vocational Training and Solutions
4.2 Annual Salaries of Public and Nongovernment TVE Instructors in CFA Francs, Mali and Senegal
4.3 Regulatory Frameworks for Nongovernment Technical-Vocational Training, Mali and Senegal
5.1 Determinants of Enterprise Efficiency (percentage increase in value added)
6.1 Training Needs in the Informal Sector
6.2 Advantages and Disadvantages of Traditional Apprenticeship as a Means of Skills Development
7.1 Revenue-Generating Payroll Taxes in Sub-Saharan Africa
7.2 Tanzania: Sources of Incomes and Training Costs, Selected Church-Owned Training Centers
7.3 Mechanisms for Funding Diversification: Advantages and Risks
7.4 Income Sources of National Training Funds, Selected Sub-Saharan African Countries
7.5 Key Conditions for Training Fund Success
7.6 National Levy-Grant Schemes in Selected Sub-Saharan African Countries
7.7 Weaknesses Common to Levy-Grant Schemes
7.8 Strengths and Weaknesses of Enterprise Training Schemes
8.1 Strengths and Weaknesses by Type of Training Provider
1.1 World Bank Lending for TVET, Total and Africa Region
1.2 TVET Lending as a Percentage of Total Education Lending
1.3 World Bank Education and Training Projects with Training Investments
1.4 Studies Included in the Review
2.1. Sub-Saharan Africa: Estimated Proportions of Formal and Informal Sector Employment.
2.2. Labor Force Structure, by Major Economic Sector, Selected African Countries, 1997
2.3. Informal Sector Employment as a Share of Nonagricultural Employment, Selected African Countries (1990s)
2.4. Structure of the Urban Informal Sector, Selected Francophone Countries, 1980s/1990s
2.5. Steps in the Training Process
3.1 The Range of Public Training Provision by Ownership
3.2a Relevance
3.2b Quality (Effectiveness)
3.2c Internal Efficiency
4.1 Diversity in Nongovernment Institution-Based Training
4.2 Tanzania: Vocational Training Places by Ownership
4.3 Zambia: Training Institutions by Ownership
4.4 Costs per Trainee, Nonpublic and Public TVE Institutions in CFA Francs
4.5 Mali: Examination Results, Nonpublic and National Totals, by Type of Diploma (1999-2000)
4.6 Senegal: Success Rates for State Diplomas, 2000
4.7 Zambia: Examination Passes in Nonpublic Institutions by Type of Examination, 1998-2001
4.8 Zambia: Training Institutions by Type Ranked by Level of Standards, 2001
5.1 Incidence of Formal Training by Industry: Kenya, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, 1995
5.2 Incidence of Informal Training by Industry: Kenya, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, 1995
5.3 International Comparison of Incidence of Informal and Formal Training: Selected Countries
5.4 African Enterprises Providing Informal Training by Firm Size, 1995
5.5 African Enterprises Providing Formal Training by Firm Size, 1995
5.6 Percentage of African Firms Providing Formal Training by Ownership, 1995
5.7 Percentage of African Firms Providing Informal Training by Ownership, 1995
5.8 Informal and External Training by Exporting and Nonexporting Firms
5.9 Workers Receiving Training by Type and Job Category: Kenya and Zimbabwe, 1995
2.1 Cameroon: Pathways to Entrepreneurship in the Informal Sector.
2.2 Constraints on Informal Sector Enterprises
2.3 Namibia: Using Labor Market Information for Flexible Training Delivery
3.1 Kenya: Evaluation of Public TVET
3.2 CONFEMEN Conference on TVET in Bamako, 1998
3.3 Employer-Owned and -Managed Training in Brazil
3.4 Zambia: Granting Autonomy to Public Training Institutions
3.5 Plans for the Ghanaian National Qualifications Framework
4.1 Forms of Regulation
4.2 Zambia: Playing Field Slanted against Nongovernment Providers
6.1 Senegal: Views on the Position of an Apprentice
6.2 The Role of Informal Sector Associations
6.3 Main Findings from Study on Literacy for Livelihood Skills
6.4 Training Follow-Up in Ghana
6.5 Role of Government in Informal Sector Training
7.1 Zambia: A Tale of Two Community-Based Trade Schools and Their Fee Policies
7.2 Senegal: Introduction of Extra Courses on a Fee-Paying Basis
7.3 Togo: Income Mobilization by Renting Institutional Premises
7.4 Zambia: Traditional Budgeting
7.5 South Africa: Normative Financing Experiment with Technical Colleges
7.6 Mauritius: Vouchers for Small Enterprise Training
7.7 Malawi: Apprenticeship Allowances.
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
Local notes:
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Adams, Arvil V.
Other format:
Print version: Johanson, Richard K. Skills Development in Sub-Saharan Africa