Triple Bottom Line Evaluation of Biosolids Management Options.

Tarallo, Steve.
London : IWA Publishing, 2015.
1 online resource (132 pages)
WERF Research Report Series
WERF Research Report Series

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Sewage sludge -- Environmental aspects.
Sewage -- Purification.
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Abstract and Benefits
Table of Contents
List of Tables
List of Figures
List of Acronyms
Executive Summary
Chapter 1.0: Introduction
1.1 Assessing Biosolids Management Options
1.2 Background
1.3 What is a Triple Bottom Line Approach?
Chapter 2.0: Triple Bottom Line Evaluation
2.1 Background: WERF TBL Tool for Assessing Biosolids Options
2.2 General Considerations
2.2.1 Defining the Scope of the TBL Analysis
2.2.2 Selecting TBL Criteria and Sub-Criteria
2.3 Economic Criteria for This TBL Analysis
2.3.1 Lifecycle Economic Assessment
2.3.2 Engineering/Technical Criteria
2.3.3 Additional Considerations
2.4 Environmental Criteria for This TBL Analysis
2.4.1 Use of LCA Within the Environmental Criteria
2.4.2 Examples of Environmental Criteria Considered, But Not Included
2.5 Social Criteria for the TBL Analysis
2.5.1 Nuisance Issues
2.5.2 Workplace Conditions
2.5.3 Public Engagement
2.5.4 Social Criteria Focus on Inherent Qualities of a Biosolids Management Option
2.5.5 Examples of Social Criteria Considered, But Not Included
2.6 The Criteria: Metrics, Weighting, Normalizing, and Sensitivity Analysis
2.6.1 Choosing Metrics for Criteria
2.6.2 Weighting the Criteria
2.6.3 Normalizing Scores for Comparison
2.6.4 Sensitivity Analysis
Chapter 3.0: Overview of Six Scenarios Selected for Triple Bottom Line Analysis
3.1 1X/1Y - Anaerobic Digestion, CHP with Pretreatment
3.2 2X/2Y - Anaerobic Digestion, CHP with Codigestion
3.3 3Y - Incineration with Landfill Disposal
3.4 4Y - Gasification with Landfill Disposal
Chapter 4.0: Discussion of Scoring
4.1 Economic Scoring
4.2 Environmental Scoring
4.3 Social Scoring
4.3.1 Public Engagement
4.4 Stakeholder Involvement in Criteria Weightings.
Chapter 5.0: Triple Bottom Line Results for Research Guidance
5.1 Economic Results
5.2 Environmental Results
5.2.1 Results for Conservation/Optimization of Resources
5.2.2 Results for Net Impacts to Media
5.2.3 Results for Regulatory Flexibility
5.3 Social Results
5.3.1 Results for Nuisance Issues
5.3.2 Results for Workplace Conditions
5.3.3 Results for Public Engagement
5.4 Research Guidance Case Results
Chapter 6.0: Triple Bottom Line Results for Utility Decision Making
6.1 Utility Decision Making
6.2 Sensitivity Analysis and Discussion
6.2.1 Assumptions Used for Sensitivities
6.2.2 Low Electric and Gas Cost Sensitivity
6.2.3 High Electric and Gas Cost Sensitivity
6.2.4 Carbon Cap Sensitivity
6.2.5 Applying Different Criteria Weights Sensitivity
Chapter 7.0: Conclusions and Findings
7.1 Research Guidance TBL Model Findings
7.2 Utility Decision-Making Results Findings
7.3 Guidance When Using Triple Bottom Line for Decision Making
7.3.1 Using a Life-Cycle Approach
7.3.2 Stakeholder Involvement
7.3.3 Risk Analysis Tests Alternatives
7.3.4 Manage the Decision-Making Process to Be Objective
7.4 Next Steps to Leverage TBL Research
Appendix A: TBL Literature Review Summary for TBL Chapter
Appendix B: Biosolids Management Triple Bottom Line Tool
B.1 Triple Bottom Line
B.2 Team Scoring Work Papers
B.3 NPV Life-Cycle Cost Build-Ups
B.4 Methodology for Applying the TBL Tool to Selected Biosolids Management Scenarios
B.5 Selection of Energy Recovery Options for Biosolids Management Scenarios
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Local notes:
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Other format:
Print version: Tarallo, Steve Triple Bottom Line Evaluation of Biosolids Management Options