Franklin

Basics of Polymer Chemistry.

Author/Creator:
Subramanian, Muralisrinivasan Natamai.
Publication:
Aalborg : River Publishers, 2017.
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (238 pages)
Series:
River Publishers Series in Polymer Science Is a Series of Comprehensive Academic and Professional Books Which Focus on Theory and Applications of Polymer Science. Polymer Science, or Macromolecular Science, Is a Subfield of Materials Science Concerned wit
River Publishers Series in Polymer Science Is a Series of Comprehensive Academic and Professional Books Which Focus on Theory and Applications of Polymer Science. Polymer Science, or Macromolecular Science, Is a Subfield of Materials Science Concerned wit
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Subjects:
Polymers.
Polymerization.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Contents:
Front Cover
Half Title Page
RIVER PUBLISHERS SERIES IN POLYMER SCIENCE
Title Page - Basics of Polymer Chemistry
Copyright Page
Contents
Preface
Acknowledgement
List of Figures
List of Tables
Abstract
Chapter 1 - Introduction
1.1 History
1.2 Organic Molecules - Polymer Basis
1.3 Summary
References
Chapter 2 - Monomers
2.1 Classification of Monomers
2.2 Monomers and Their Reactions
2.2.1 Unsaturated Monomers
2.2.2 Monomers with Hydroxyl Groups
2.2.3 Monomers with Acidic Groups
2.2.4 Olefinic Monomers
2.3 Amine
2.3.1 Aniline
2.3.2 Acrylamide and N-substituted Acrylamides
2.4 Butyl Acrylate
2.5 Butadiene
2.6 Divinylbenzene
2.7 Esters of Acrylic and Methacrylic Acid
2.8 Methacrylic Ester Monomers
2.9 Ethylene
2.10 Ethylene Glycol
2.11 Maleic Anhydride (MA)
2.12 N-Vinylcarbazole (NVC)
2.13 N-Vinylpyrrolidone (NVP)
2.14 Propylene
2.15 Styrene
2.16 a-Methylstyrene
2.17 Vinyl Arenes
2.18 Vinyl Chloride
2.19 Vinyl Ethers
2.20 Network-Forming Monomers
2.20.1 Epoxides
2.21 Summary
References
Chapter 3 - Polymers
3.1 Classification of Polymers
3.2 Evolution of Polymers
3.3 Recyclable and Non-Biodegradable
3.3.1 Polyolefin
3.3.1.1 Polyethylene (PE)
3.3.1.2 Polypropylene (PP)
3.3.2 Polystyrene
3.3.3 Polyvinylchloride (PVC)
3.3.4 Poly(methyl methacryalate) (PMMA)
3.3.5 Polyamide
3.3.6 Polycarbonate
3.3.7 Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET)
3.3.8 Poly(butylene terephthalate) (PBT)
3.3.9 Poly(ether ether ketone) (PEEK)
3.3.10 Poly(oxy methylene)
3.4 Non-Biodegradable and Non-Recycleable Polymers
3.4.1 Phenol Formaldehyde
3.4.2 Epoxy
3.4.3 Urea and Melamine Formaldehyde
3.4.4 Unsaturated Polyesters
3.5 Copolymers
3.5.1 Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS).
3.6 Biocompatible and Biodegradable Polymers
3.6.1 Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)
3.6.2 Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)
3.6.3 Polylactide or poly(lactic acid) (PLA)
3.6.4 Poly(caprolactone)
3.6.5 Poly(glycolic acid) (PGA)
3.7 Summary
References
Chapter 4 - Polymer Chemistry
4.1 Types of Polymers
4.1.1 Homopolymers
4.1.2 Copolymers
4.1.2.1 Random copolymers
4.1.2.2 Block copolymers
4.1.2.3 Alternating copolymers
4.1.2.4 Graft copolymer
4.2 Polymer Morphology
4.3 Stereochemistry
4.3.1 Sequence Isomerism
4.3.2 Stereoisomerism
4.3.3 Geometric Isomerism
4.4 Polymer Architecture
4.4.1 Linear Polymers
4.4.2 Branched Polymers
4.4.3 Network Polymers
4.5 Polymer Properties
4.5.1 Microscopic Properties
4.5.2 Crystallinity
4.5.3 Gel Effect
4.5.4 Intermolecular Forces
4.5.5 Dipole Moment
4.5.6 Surface Behaviour
4.5.7 Solution Properties
4.5.8 Thermodynamics
4.5.9 Molecular Weight
4.5.9.1 Degree of polymerization
4.5.9.2 Number average molecular weight
4.5.9.3 Weight-average molecular weight
4.5.9.4 Viscosity average molecular weight
4.5.9.5 Molecular weight distribution (MWD)
4.5.9.6 Polydispersity and their index
4.5.10 Glass Transition Temperature (Tg)
4.6 Material Considerations
4.7 Summary
References
Chapter 5 - Step Growth Polymerization
5.1 Functional Groups
5.2 Reactions
5.3 Polymerization
5.3.1 Step Growth Polymers
5.4 Polyaddition Reactions
5.4.1 Transesterification
5.4.2 Ester-Interchange
5.4.3 Polyesterification
5.5 Polycondensation
5.6 Characteristics
5.7 Elementary Step Growth Polymerization
5.8 Kinetics
5.8.1 Step Growth Polymerization
5.8.2 Uncatalyzed Polymerization
5.8.3 Catalyzed Polymerization
5.8.4 Polyesterification Using Acid Catalyst.
5.8.4.1 Slow step rate-determining step
5.8.4.2 Catalyst regeneration
5.9 Biodegradability
5.10 Summary
References
Chapter 6 - Chain Growth Polymerization
6.1 Monomer Type
6.2 Reactions
6.2.1 Unsaturated Monomers
6.2.1.1 The polymerization of ethylene to polyethylene
6.2.2 Monomer with End Groups
6.3 Polymerization
6.4 Initiation
6.5 Propagation
6.6 Termination Reactions
6.7 Chain Growth Polymers
6.7.1 Characteristics
6.7.2 Classification
6.7.3 Growth Centers
6.7.4 Structural Variations
6.8 Kinetics
6.8.1 Initiation
6.8.2 Propagation
6.8.3 Termination
6.8.3.1 Chain transfer reactions
6.9 Non-Biodegradability
6.10 Summary
References
Chapter 7 - Polymerization Reactions
7.1 Chemistry of Radicals
7.1.1 Types of Radicals
7.2 Radical Polymerization
7.3 Reaction Process
7.3.1 Advantages
7.3.2 Disadvantages
7.4 Ionic Polymerization
7.5 Types of Anions
7.6 Types of Cations
7.6.1 Advantages
7.6.2 Disadvantages
7.7 Cationic Polymerization
7.8 Lewis Acids/Friedel - Crafts Catalysts
7.9 Carbonium Ion Salts
7.10 Polymerization of Isobutylene
7.11 Termination
7.12 Ionic Chain Carriers
7.13 Chain Transfer
7.13.1 Advantages
7.13.2 Disadvantages
7.14 Anionic Polymerization
7.15 Ideal Anionic Polymerization
7.16 Reactivity of Initiators
7.17 Reaction Process of Polystyrene
7.18 Reaction Process with Alkene with Functional Groups
7.18.1 Advantages
7.18.2 Disadvantages
7.19 Ring Opening Polymerization
7.19.1 Advantages
7.19.2 Disadvantages
7.20 Coordination Polymerization
7.21 Ziegler-Natta Polymerization
7.21.1 Advantages
7.21.2 Disadvantages
7.22 Summary
References
Chapter 8 - Polymer Synthesis
8.1 Introduction
8.1.1 Requirements
8.1.2 Essentials of Polymer Synthesis.
8.2 Synthesis of Polyethylene
8.3 Polypropylene
8.3.1 Synthesis of Polystyrene
8.4 Synthesis of Polyamide
8.4.1 Synthesis of Nylon 6
8.4.2 Synthesis of Nylon 6,6
8.4.3 Synthesis of Polyethylene Terephthalate
8.5 Polystyrene
8.6 Polyvinylacetate
8.7 Polybutadiene
8.8 Polyisobutylene
8.9 Polymethylmethacrylate
8.9.1 Synthesis of Polyurethane
8.9.2 Electro-Polymerization of Polypyrrole
8.9.3 Synthesis of Polylactide (PLA)
8.9.4 Name Reactions and Polymer Synthesis
8.10 Reppe Chemistry
8.10.1 Poly(N - vinyl carbazole)
8.11 Michael Adducts
8.11.1 Derivative of N-Vinylformamide and Polymer Synthesis
8.12 Polymer Synthesis - Future
8.13 Summary
References
Chapter 9 - Polymerization Processes
9.1 Essential Ingredients in Polymerization Process
9.1.1 Initiators
9.1.2 Surfactants
9.1.3 Catalysts
9.1.3.1 Ziegler-Natta catalyst
9.1.3.2 Phillips catalyst
9.1.3.3 Metallocene catalyst
9.1.4 Chain Transfer Agents
9.1.5 Solvents
9.1.6 Suspending Agents
9.1.6.1 Water-soluble polymeric compounds
9.1.6.2 Inorganic compounds
9.1.7 Inhibitors
9.2 Polymerization Processes
9.3 Reactor Types
9.4 Classification
9.4.1 Bulk or Mass Polymerization
9.4.1.1 Advantages
9.4.1.2 Disadvantages
9.4.2 Solution Polymerization
9.4.2.1 Advantages
9.4.2.2 Disadvantages
9.4.3 Suspension Polymerization
9.4.3.1 Advantages
9.4.3.2 Disadvantages
9.4.4 Emulsion Polymerization
9.4.4.1 Advantages
9.4.4.2 Disadvantages
9.5 Polymer Manufacturing Processes
9.5.1 Slurry Process
9.5.2 Gas Phase Process
9.5.3 Solvent Process
9.6 Summary
References
Chapter 10 - Future Trends
10.1 Advances in Polymer Chemistry
10.2 Advances in Polymerization
10.3 Environmental Effect
10.4 Future Requirements.
10.4.1 Pollution Free Polymerization Techniques
10.4.2 Polymerization with Solvent-Free Conditions
10.4.3 Waste Reduction
10.4.4 Polymer and Human Beings
10.5 Green Polymer Chemistry
10.6 Summary
References
Index
About the Author
Back Cover.
Notes:
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
Local notes:
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Other format:
Print version: Subramanian, Muralisrinivasan Natamai Basics of Polymer Chemistry
ISBN:
9788793519022
9788793519015
OCLC:
1015884694