Sustainable Process Engineering : Prospects and Opportunities.

Koltuniewicz, Andrzej Benedykt.
Berlin/Boston : De Gruyter, Inc., 2014.
1 online resource (412 pages)
De Gruyter Textbook Ser.
De Gruyter Textbook Ser.

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Chemical processes -- Textbooks.
Sustainable engineering -- Textbooks.
Electronic books.
The vital need for alternative resources and reaction routes, environmentally friendly and economically feasible industrial chemical processes has become a ubiquitous reality. This very timely introductory text covers new materials, processes and industry sectors: nanotechnology, microreactors, membrane separations, hybrid processes, clean technologies, energy savings and safe production of energy, renewables and biotechnology. Some completely new processes for the solid-liquid systems are also discussed in detail, thus creating new opportunities of sustainable development not only in industrial practice.
1 Inevitability of sustainable development
1.1 The real determinants of our ecosphere
1.2 Material problems of civilization
1.3 The environmental problems of the air
1.3.1 Greenhouse effect
1.3.2 Acid rain
1.3.3 Main air pollutants
1.4 The environmental problems of water
1.4.1 The main effects of water pollution
1.4.2 Thermal pollution of water
1.4.3 Organic contaminants in water
1.4.4 Inorganic contaminants in water
1.5 The environmental problems of soil
1.6 Measures to maintain the quality of the environment
1.6.1 Environmental conventions
1.6.2 Carbon neutral policy
1.6.3 Green chemistry concept
1.6.4 Clean technologies
1.6.5 Sustainable development
1.6.6 How to achieve sustainable development
2 Past and present of process engineering
2.1 The origins and domains of process engineering
2.1.1 Early history of process engineering
2.1.2 Industrial era of process engineering
2.2 Principles, system and methodology
2.2.1 Unit processes concept
2.2.2 Conservation laws
2.2.3 Analogies between transport of momentum, heat and mass
2.2.4 Onsager theorem and analogies between different processes
2.2.5 Phenomenological transport equations in unit processes
2.2.6 Solution of transport equations by the Laplace transform method
2.2.7 Solving the transport equation for semi-permeable surfacesm(membranes)
2.2.8 Solution of transport equations by numerical methods
2.2.9 Flow regimes
2.2.10 Residence time distribution
2.3 Dynamic processes
2.3.1 Flow of fluids
2.3.2 Fluid flow through a fixed bed
2.3.3 Rising or falling of particles of one phase in the second phase
2.3.4 Bubble flow
2.4 Heat transfer processes
2.4.1 Basics of heat transfer.
2.4.2 Heat conduction through the flat plate in steady-state conditions
2.4.3 Heat conduction through the multi-layer plate in steady-state conditions
2.4.4 Heat conduction through a cylinder
2.4.5 Heat conduction through a sphere
2.4.6 Heat convection in one phase during fluid flow
2.4.7 Heat radiation
2.4.8 Overall heat transfer between fluids in the heat exchanger
2.5 Mass transport processes
2.5.1 Diffusive mass transfer processes
2.5.2 Counter-current equimolar diffusion
2.5.3 Diffusion of the component A by inert component B
2.5.4 Statistical-mechanistic model of mass transport
2.5.5 Statistical-mechanical theory of membrane transport
2.5.6 Diffusional methods of separation
2.5.7 Kinetics of mass transport processes
2.6 Kinetics of reactions
2.6.1 Chemical reactions
2.6.2 Types of chemical bonds
2.6.3 Catalysts
3 Mathematical methods in design
3.1 Dimensional analysis
3.1.1 The general method for verifying dimensional independence
3.1.2 Modeling of the functions with all dimensionally-independent arguments
3.1.3 Modeling of dimensional function with the "dimensionally dependent" arguments
3.2 Identification of mathematical models of processes
3.3 The theory of similarity
4 Nanoprocesses
4.1 Microreactors
4.1.1 Structure and function of microreactors
4.1.2 Characteristics of microreactors
4.1.3 Microreactor design
4.1.4 Applications of microreactors
4.1.5 Catalytic reactions in microreactors
4.1.6 Microfotoreactors
4.1.7 Manufacturers of microreactors
4.2 Membranes and their unlimited opportunities
4.2.1 Membrane manufacture
4.2.2 Membrane contactors
4.2.3 Immobilization of species on membranes
4.2.4 Controlled release of species with membranes
4.2.5 Membrane separation processes
4.2.6 Mass transport in membranes.
4.2.7 Model of constant pressure membrane filtration
4.2.8 Concentration polarization
4.2.9 Concentration polarization according to surface renewal theory
4.2.10 Engineering of membrane processes
4.2.11 Sustainable applications of membrane processes
4.3 Hybrid processes
4.3.1 Hybrid processes with low integration degree
4.3.2 Hybrid processes with high integration degree
4.3.3 Photocatalyst
4.3.4 Electroprocesses
4.3.5 Particle aggregation with membrane separation
4.4 Sorption processes
4.4.1 Adsorption processes
4.4.2 Biosorption processes
4.4.3 The properties and microstructures of sorbents
4.4.4 Sorption equilibrium
4.4.5 Kinetics of the sorption process
4.4.6 Experimental verification of membrane biosorption
4.5 Membrane sorption - the new sorption process in the membrane contactor
4.5.1 The mass balance in the batch mode of adsorption
4.5.2 Mass balance of the adsorbed substance in continuous mode of operation
4.5.3 Sorption at the membrane surface for the batch mode with backflushing
4.5.4 Sorption at the membrane surface for the continuous mode in crossflow
4.6 Membrane leaching - the new leaching process in membrane contactor
4.6.1 The kinetics of the dissolution of the substance extracted from solid grains
4.6.2 Flushing out of the substance extracted from solid grains
4.6.3 The nonstationary (dead-end) membrane leaching process
4.6.4 The stationary process of membrane leaching
5 Bioprocesses
5.1 Biotechnology
5.2 Bioprocess engineering
5.2.1 Bioprocess simplifications in biotechnology
5.2.2 Stoichiometry of bioprocesses
5.2.3 The energy issues of microbial growth
5.3 Enzymes
5.3.1 Michaelis-Menten equation of enzymatic reaction equilibrium
5.3.2 The role of the enzymes in the processes of life
5.3.3 Industrial importance of enzymes.
5.3.4 The industrial importance of microorganisms
5.3.5 The industrial importance of photosynthesis
5.4 Biorefineries
5.4.1 Biorefinery principles
5.4.2 Biorefinery products
5.4.3 Biorefinery substrates
5.4.4 Algae aquacultures
5.5 Biopolymers
5.5.1 Background and context
5.5.2 Production of biopolymers
5.6 Renewable energy
5.6.1 Global energy policy
5.6.2 Energy fundamentals
5.6.3 Biogas
5.6.4 Bioethanol
5.6.5 Biodiesel
5.6.6 Production of biofuels from algae
5.7 Hydrogen production
5.7.1 Nonbiological hydrogen production
5.7.2 Biological production of hydrogen
6 Process engineering closer to man
6.1 Applications of process engineering to modern medicine
6.1.1 General view of medical cooperation with engineering
6.1.2 Drug delivery systems
6.1.3 Artificial kidney
6.1.4 Functional liver substitution
6.1.5 Artificial pancreas
6.1.6 Liquid assisted ventilation (LAV) as an alternative therapy for pulmonary failure
6.1.7 Red blood cell substitutes
6.1.8 MEMS Micro-electro-mechanical systems for medical testing and diagnostics
6.1.9 The future applications of process engineering to modern medicine
6.2 Separation of enantiomers
6.2.1 Enantiomers and their role in pharmacotherapy
6.2.2 The characteristics and properties of enantiomers
6.2.3 Biological activity of enantiomers
6.2.4 Methods of preparation of enantiomerically pure compounds
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
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Print version: Koltuniewicz, Andrzej Benedykt Sustainable Process Engineering