The first worldwide survey of active earthquake faults, providing an important basis for protecting threatened cities in the developing world.
Cover Active Faults of the World Title Copyright Contents Preface: Introduction and historical perspective 1: Methods and background 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Tectonics 1.2.1 Introduction 1.2.2 Plate tectonics 1.3 Structural geology 1.4 Seismic waves 1.4.1 Introduction 1.4.2 Orientation of fault plane based on earthquakes 1.4.3 Magnitude scales 1.5 Tectonic geodesy 1.5.1 Terrestrial geodesy 1.5.2 Space geodesy 1.5.3 InSAR 1.5.4 In situ stress 1.6 Earthquake geology at mainshock depths 1.7 Quaternary dating techniques 1.7.1 Introduction 1.7.2 Luminescence dating 1.7.3 Surface-exposure dating with cosmogenic nuclides 1.8 Tectonic geomorphology 1.8.1 Introduction 1.8.2 Scarp degradation 1.8.3 Mountain-front sinuosity 1.9 Weathering and soils 1.10 Paleoseismology 1.10.1 Introduction 2: Alaska, Canada, Cascadia, and Eastern North America 2.1 Introduction: the Pacific-North America plate boundary 2.2 Alaska 2.2.1 Introduction 2.2.2 Aleutian subduction zone 2.2.3 Yakutat collision zone 2.2.4 Alaskan crustal faults 2.3 Queen Charlotte-Fairweather transform boundary 2.4 Northwest Canada 2.5 Cascadia 2.5.1 Crustal earthquakes 2.6 Earthquakes in eastern North America 2.6.1 Introduction 2.6.2 New Madrid seismic zone 2.6.3 Other seismic zones in eastern North America 2.6.4 Continental earthquakes with surface rupture 2.6.5 Concluding remarks 2.7 Summary 2.7.1 Siletzia: A large igneous province (LIP) in the hanging wall 2.7.2 Subduction without a W-B zone 2.7.3 Bookshelf tectonics 2.7.4 Comparison of Aleutian and Cascadia subduction zones 2.7.5 Subduction, coupling, and arc volcanoes 3: San Andreas system and Basin and Range 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 San Andreas fault system: introduction and historical background 3.3 Mendocino Transform and Triple Junction 3.4 Northern San Andreas fault 3.5 San Francisco Bay region 3.6 Creeping SAF and Parkfield 3.7 Southern San Andreas fault 3.8 San Jacinto fault 3.9 Other right-lateral strike-slip faults west of the San Jacinto fault 3.9.1 Summary statement 3.10 Left-lateral and reverse faults west of the SAF 3.11 Los Angeles fold-and-thrust belt 3.12 Ventura basin 3.13 Southern Coast Ranges 3.14 Baja California and Gulf of California 3.15 Left-lateral faults east of the SAF 3.16 Eastern boundary faults of the Sierran microplate 3.16.1 Introduction 3.16.2 Eastern California shear zone 3.17 Great Basin 3.17.1 Basin and Range normal-faulted province 3.17.2 Other Basin and Range subprovinces 3.17.3 Rio Grande Rift 3.17.4 Southern Basin and Range 3.18 The Oroville earthquakes 3.19 Summary 3.19.1 Importance of studying San Andreas fault and Basin and Range 3.19.2 Birth of a strike-slip fault 3.19.3 Three time frames to establish rates of faulting 3.19.4 Paleoseismology taken to the next level 3.19.5 Determining offsets on a migrating triple junction 3.19.6 Restraining bends and earthquakes 3.19.7 Strain partitioning in Los Angeles 4: Caribbean Plate and Middle America subduction zone 4.1 Overview 4.2 Northern boundary 4.3 Lesser Antilles subduction zone 4.4 Northern South America 4.5 Central America 4.6 Mexican subduction zone 4.7 Summary 4.7.1 Importance of strain partitioning 4.7.2 Flipped subduction zone or bivergent crustal wedge? 4.7.3 Westward-propagating earthquakes 4.7.4 Flat-slab subduction 4.7.5 End of a plate-boundary fault 4.7.6 Paleoseismology of faulted limestone platforms. 4.7.7 Seismic hazard of the Central American volcanic depression 4.7.8 Seismic hazard to large cities in the developing world 5: South America 5.1 Introduction 5.2 North Andean Block 5.3 Central Andes 5.4 Southern Andes 5.5 South America East of the Andes 5.6 Summary 5.6.1 Normally dipping vs. flat-slab subduction 5.6.2 How long have the flat slabs been flat? 5.6.3 Uplift of the Altiplano and Puna plateaus 5.6.4 North-south extension and the effect of high topography 5.6.5 Maximum size of earthquakes at the Nazca-South America plate boundary 6: Africa, Arabia, and Western Europe 6.1 Introduction 6.2 East African Rift Valleys 6.3 Ethiopian Rift and the Afar Triangle 6.4 Earthquakes of the African continental shield 6.5 The Africa-Eurasia plate boundary west of Gibraltar 6.6 Iberia and the Great 1755 Lisbon Earthquake 6.7 The Atlas ranges of North Africa 6.8 Italy 6.9 Adria and the Alps 6.10 European Rift System and the 1356 Basel, Switzerland, earthquake 6.11 Scandinavia 6.12 Scotland 6.13 Iceland 6.14 Summary 6.14.1 Earthquakes and spreading centers 6.14.2 Earthquake hazard to large cities in the Rift Valleys 6.14.3 Earthquake hazard of single-event fault scarps 6.14.4 Seismotectonics of deglaciation 7: Eastern Mediterranean, the Caucasus, and the Middle East 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Carpathian Ranges and the Pannonian Basin 7.3 Greece and the Southern Balkans 7.3.1 Introduction 7.3.2 Hellenic subduction zone 7.3.3 South Aegean normal fault region 7.3.4 The Gulf of Corinth graben and other east-west faults 7.3.5 Reverse faults of Epirus and the Ionian Islands 7.3.6 Earthquakes in the slow lane: normal faults of Northern Greece and Bulgaria 7.3.7 The North Anatolian fault (NAF) in the Northern Aegean Sea 7.4 Cyprus and Turkey. 7.4.1 Introduction 7.4.2 North Anatolian fault 7.4.3 East Anatolian fault 7.4.4 Other Anatolian faults 7.5 Dead Sea fault (DSF) 7.5.1 Introduction 7.5.2 Gulf of Aqaba and Araba Valley 7.5.3 The Dead Sea Basin: tales from the Bible 7.5.4 The Dead Sea fault from Jericho to the Sea of Galilee and Hula Basin 7.5.5 The restraining bend 7.5.6 Northern segment in Syria and Turkey 7.5.7 Source of tsunamis on the Levant and Israel coast 7.6 The Caucasus and surrounding areas 7.7 The Caspian Sea, the Kopeh Dagh, and Iran 7.7.1 Turkmenistan and the Kopeh Dagh 7.7.2 Iran: introduction 7.7.3 Alborz Mountains 7.7.4 Central Iran 7.7.5 Zagros Mountains 7.8 Summary 7.8.1 The 2000 forecast of the next earthquake to strike İstanbul 7.8.2 Implications of 60 000 years of paleoseismology on the Dead Sea fault 7.8.3 Are Mediterranean normal faults listric? 7.8.4 Athens, 1999: the unexpected earthquake 7.8.5 Subduction, Mediterranean style 7.8.6 Desert cities, earthquakes, and water 8: India, the Himalaya, Mainland China, and Central Asia 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Makran subduction zone 8.3 India Plate 8.3.1 Introduction 8.3.2 Indian shield 8.3.3 Western transform boundary: the Chaman fault system 8.3.4 Eastern transform boundary: Indo-Burman Ranges and the Sagaing fault 8.4 Himalaya 8.4.1 Introduction 8.4.2 Tectonic setting 8.4.3 Convergence rates 8.4.4 Seismicity 8.5 Tibet 8.5.1 Southern Tibet 8.5.2 Faults of eastern Tibetan Plateau 8.6 Earthquakes along the Silk Road 8.6.1 Hexi Corridor and Qilian Shan 8.7 Grabens around the Ordos Plateau 8.7.1 Introduction 8.8 Northeast China 8.8.1 Introduction 8.8.2 Tan-Lu fault 8.8.3 Faults near Beijing 8.9 Central Asia 8.9.1 Hindu Kush, Pamirs, and Karakoram ranges. 8.9.2 Active tectonics of the Celestial Mountains 8.9.3 Strike-slip faults in the Altay Ranges 8.10 Baikal Rift 8.11 Summary 8.11.1 SCR earthquakes 8.11.2 Giant continental subduction-zone earthquakes 8.11.3 Large cities, small countries, and dangerous faults 8.11.4 Tsunami hazard in the Bay of Bengal 8.11.5 East Asian superquakes 9: Japan and the Western Pacific 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Tectonic setting 9.3 Kuril subduction zone 9.4 Northeast Japan subduction zone and the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake 9.5 Okhotsk-Amurian plate boundary 9.6 Itoigawa-Shizuoka Tectonic Line (ISTL) 9.7 Southwest Japan: the Nankai subduction zone 9.7.1 Introduction and tectonic expression of the Nankai plate boundary 9.7.2 A thirteen-century record of Nankai subduction 9.7.3 Summary of 1944 Tonankai and 1946 Nankaido earthquakes 9.7.4 Izu collision zone and Sagami Trough 9.7.5 Crustal faults of southwest Japan 9.7.6 Ryukyu subduction zone 9.8 Taiwan 9.8.1 Historical background 9.8.2 Tectonic setting 9.9 Summary 9.9.1 The 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake and Maximum Considered Earthquakes (MCE) 9.9.2 Are Nankai earthquakes periodic? 9.9.3 Cusps versus flat-slab subduction 9.9.4 Slip-rate budgets and characteristic earthquakes 10: Southeast Asia, Australia, New Zealand, and Pacific Islands 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Sunda Plate 10.2.1 Introduction 10.2.2 Red River fault 10.2.3 Active faults in the Golden Triangle: northern Laos and Thailand and eastern Myanmar 10.2.4 Other faults in the Sunda Plate 10.3 Java, Sumatra, and Andaman subduction zone 10.3.1 Introduction 10.3.2 Sumatran fault and other forearc faults 10.3.3 The Sumatran subduction zone 10.3.4 Java subduction zone 10.3.5 Timor to Banda Arc 10.4 The Philippines, Sulawesi, and the Moluccas. 10.4.1 Introduction.
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Print version: Yeats, Robert Active Faults of the World