Franklin

Ghodse's Drugs and Addictive Behaviour : A Guide to Treatment.

Author/Creator:
Ghodse, Hamid.
Publication:
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (392 pages)
Edition:
4th ed.
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Subjects:
Behavior, Addictive.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Summary:
The fourth edition of a classic text providing a comprehensive overview of substance misuse and dependence.
Contents:
Cover
Half-title
Title
Copyright
Dedication
Contents
Preface
Introduction
Chapter 1. Drugs, addiction and behaviour
What is a 'drug'?
What is drug misuse?
Drug abuse
harmful use
Drug dependence
Psychological dependence
Craving and drug-seeking behaviour
Physical dependence and the withdrawal syndrome
Tolerance
Mechanisms of tolerance
Relationship between tolerance and physical dependence
Types of drug dependence
Causes of drug dependence
The drug
The individual personality
Society
Chapter 2. The global drug problem: international perspectives
Introduction
Extent and nature of drug problems
International audit
Demand and supply of opiates for medical and scientific purposes1,2,3
Medical requirements and availability of psychotropic substances
The diversion of psychotropic substances
Production
Trafficking
Consumption
Global drug problems 3-9
Africa
Central America and the Caribbean
East and Southeast Asia
Europe
North America
Oceania
South America
South Asia
West Asia
Summary
Sources of epidemiological information in the UK
Drug seizures
Persons dealt with for drug offences
Drug-related crime
Prescription audit
Treatment demand
Mortality studies
Home Office Index
General Mortality Registers
National Database for Misuse of Volatile Solvents
National Programme for Substance Abuse Deaths
Surveys
Accident and Emergency (A &
E) departments
Other epidemiological approaches
Drug dependence in the UK
The birth of the 'British system'
The Dangerous Drugs Act 1967
Polydrug abuse
The 1980s
The 1990s
The twenty-first century
Organization of treatment services in the UK
Primary healthcare
Drug Dependence Treatment Units (DDTUs).
Community Drug Teams (CDTs)
Inpatient units
Rehabilitation and after-care
Arrest referral schemes
Drug Treatment and Testing Orders
Drug Interventions Programme (DIP)
Prison medical service
Drug policy in some other countries
The Netherlands
United States of America
Switzerland
Germany
Sweden
Australia
Pakistan
Summary
Chapter 3. Drugs of abuse and dependence
Opioids
Effects
Tolerance
Physical dependence
Opioid abstinence syndrome
Psychological dependence
Opioid receptors
Different opioid drugs
Morphine
Papaveretum (Omnopon)
Diamorphine (heroin)
Methadone (Physeptone)
Levacetylmethadol (laevo-alpha-acetylmethadol, LAAM)
Pethidine (meperidine in USA)
Dipipanone (with cyclizine as Diconal)
dextromoramide (Palfium)
Dextropropoxyphene (Doloxene)
Codeine
Opioid antagonists and agonist-antagonists
Pentazocine (Fortral)
Buprenorphine (Temgesic, Subutex)
Butorphanol
Nalbuphine (Nubain)
&
kgr1
opioid receptor agonists
Sedative hypnotics
Effects
Tolerance
Physical dependence
Sedative hypnotics abstinence syndrome
Chronic intoxication
Psychological dependence
Different sedative hypnotic drugs
Barbiturates
Non-barbiturate, non-benzodiazepine sedative hypnotics
Benzodiazepines
Flunitrazepam (Rohypnol)
Cross-tolerance
Stimulant drugs
Amphetamine
Effects
Tolerance
Physical dependence
Psychological dependence
Adverse effects
Amphetamine-type stimulants
Methamphetamine
Methylphenidate
Pemoline
Cocaine
Routes of administration
Effects
Tolerance
Physical dependence
Psychological dependence
Mechanism of action
Cocaine toxicity/psychosis
Khat
Effects
Dependence
Hallucinogens
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)
Effects.
Tolerance and dependence
Adverse effects
Other hallucinogenic drugs
Phencyclidine (PCP) and PCP-like drugs (ketamine)
Tolerance and dependence
Ketamine
Cannabis
Preparations
Absorption and fate of THC
Effects
Tolerance
Dependence
Cannabis psychosis
Flashbacks
Amotivational syndrome
Chronic brain damage
Volatile solvents
Methods of administration
Effects
Tolerance
Dependence
Designer drugs
Ecstasy
Steroids
Adverse effects
Over-the-counter medicines
Herbal preparations and 'natural' medicines
The combined use of drugs and alcohol
Chapter 4. Alcohol
Introduction
Definitions
Unit of alcohol
'Safe' limits and sensible drinking
Harmful drinking and alcohol misuse
Hazardous drinking
Problem drinker
Alcohol dependence syndrome
Extent and nature of the problem
Global perspective
Europe and the UK
Genetics of alcohol use and dependence
Alcohol metabolism
Recognition of problem drinking
Questionnaires
Biological markers
Liver enzymes
MCV
Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT)
Adverse effects of alcohol misuse
Liver damage
Neurological syndromes
Chronic effects
Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Fetal alcohol syndrome
Management of problem drinking and its complications
Treatment of acute intoxication
Managing alcohol withdrawal
Detoxification
Delirium tremens
Withdrawal seizures
Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Relapse prevention
Brief intervention
Motivational interviewing
Abstinence or controlled drinking
Pharmacological approaches
Disulfiram
Acamprosate
Additional support
Treatment matching
Alcohol policies
Drink driving
Taxation
Licensing regulations
National and local strategies
Chapter 5. Tobacco use and addiction
Introduction.
The global epidemic
Types of tobacco and routes of administration
Tobacco addiction
Neurobiology and pharmacokinetics of nicotine
Dependence and withdrawal
The hazards of tobacco use
Mortality
Physical morbidity
Social morbidity
Special populations of tobacco users
Children and adolescent users
Tobacco use by the mentally ill
Tobacco use by individuals with learning disability
Treatment
Pharmacological interventions
Nicotine replacement therapy
Bupropion
Varenicline
Other pharmacological treatments
Non-pharmacological interventions
Policy and public health initiatives
Conclusion
Chapter 6. Assessment
Introduction
Drug history
Life history
Social work assessment
Family assessment
Physical examination
General appearance
Gait
Eyes
Nose
Mouth
Skin
Cardiovascular system
Respiratory system
Abdomen
Neuromuscular system
Lymphatic system
Test of physical dependence on opiates (naloxone)
Mental state examination
General behaviour
Talk
Mood
Thought content
Abnormal experiences and beliefs
Cognitive state
Psychological assessment
Special investigations
Haemoglobin
Urea
Liver function tests
Wassermann reaction
Hepatitis
Test for HIV antibody
Precautions for taking specimens from drug abusers
Needle-stick injuries
Chest radiography
Bacteriological investigation
Laboratory investigation for drugs
Hair analysis
Laboratory methods
Near-patient testing
Interpretation of results
Drug-screening programmes and workplace drug testing
Summary
Classification of substance-use disorders
ICD-10
F1x.0 acute intoxication
F1x.1 harmful use
F1x.2 dependence syndrome
F1x.3 withdrawal state
F1x.4 withdrawal state with delirium
F1x.5 psychotic disorder.
F1x.6 amnesic syndrome
F1x.7 residual and late-onset psychotic disorder
F1x.8 other mental and behavioural disorders
F1x.9 unspecified mental and behavioural disorder
DSM-III-R
Psychoactive substance use disorders
Criteria for psychoactive substance dependence
Criteria for severity of psychoactive substance dependence
Criteria for psychoactive substance abuse
DSM-IV
Criteria for substance dependence
Criteria for substance abuse
Criteria for substance intoxication
Criteria for substance withdrawal
DSM-IV classification
Alcohol-related disorders
Amphetamine (or amphetamine-like)-related disorders
Caffeine-related disorders
Cannabis-related disorders
Cocaine-related disorders
Hallucinogen-related disorders
Inhalant-related disorders
Nicotine-related disorders
Opioid-related disorders
Phencyclidine (or phencyclidine-like)-related disorders
Sedative-, hypnotic- or anxiolytic-related disorders
Polysubstance-related disorder
Other (or unknown) substance-related disorders
Chapter 7. General measures of intervention
Introduction
Psychotherapy
Supportive-expressive and interpersonal psychotherapy
Group psychotherapy
Family therapy
Multiple-family therapy
Behavioural couples therapy
Drug counselling
Motivational interviewing
Cognitive and behavioural techniques
Behavioural therapies
Cognitive therapy
Cognitive behavioural therapy and relapse prevention
Relapse prevention
Skills training
Contingency management
Other behavioural approaches
Aversive conditioning
Cue exposure
Vocational rehabilitation
Therapeutic communities
Religious communities
Concept houses
Selection of patients suitable for a therapeutic community
Hostels
Self-help groups
Narcotics Anonymous and Alcoholics Anonymous.
Families Anonymous.
Notes:
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
Other format:
Print version: Ghodse, Hamid Ghodse's Drugs and Addictive Behaviour
ISBN:
9780511767128
9780521898829
OCLC:
645939920