Textual Patterns introduces corpus resources, tools and analytic frameworks of central relevance to language teachers and teacher educators. Specifically it shows how key word analysis, combined with the systematic study of vocabulary and genre, can form the basis for a corpus informed approach to language teaching. The first part of the book gives the reader a strong grounding in the way in which language teachers can use corpus analysis tools (wordlists, concordances, key words) to describe language patterns in general and text patterns in particular. The second section presents a series of case studies which show how a key word / corpus informed approach to language education can work in practice. The case studies include: General language education (i.e. students in national education systems and those following international examination programmes), foreign languages for academic purposes, literature in language education, business and professional communication, and cultural studies in language education.
Textual Patterns Editorial page Title page LCC data Table of contents Preface Part I Texts in language study and language education Introduction Why have corpus-based methods caused an upheaval? A text focus, a language focus, a culture focus or a brain focus? The notion of context Word-lists Introduction Transformation Selection Kinds of word-list Alphabetically ordered Frequency ordered Other possible orderings One-word vs. n-word clusters Adding contextual information to wordlists Characteristics of word-lists The nature of high-frequency items Medium-frequency items Hapax legomena The distribution curve and the notion of a "power law'' The notion of "consistency'' What then do word-lists offer? Notes Concordances Introduction What is meant by co-occurrence? How much overlap is there between textual co-occurrence and the mental lexicon? Handling a concordance Patterns Clusters Is ago text-initial? - The dispersion plot Notes Key words of individual texts Introduction Keyness An example Exclamations in Romeo Different reference corpora Where do the KWs come in the text? Local versus global KWs Links between KWs Wide- and narrow-span linkages KWs and part of speech Key words and genres Introduction Keyword linkage between texts Formal patterns of Keyword linkage Examples of Keyword linkage between texts Associates Conclusion Notes Part II General English language teaching Summary Introduction Resources Approach Procedure Step 1 - Select texts Step 2 - Make wordlists Step 3 - Make Keyword lists Step 4 - Save lists as text files Step 5 - Create an Excel workbook containing all the data Findings Written academic vs. conversation Of. That Looking at a middle ground: Keywords in Fiction and Spoken Academic Spoken Academic and Fiction Keywords referenced against BNC Sampler Written Spoken Academic and Fiction Keywords referenced against BNC Spoken Conclusions Notes Business and professional communication Summary Introduction Resources Approach Preliminary analysis Example A Example B Example C Example D Preliminary analysis: Discussion KW analysis - hope Discourse moves Contractions Ellipsis Vague language Lexical density KW analysis: Discussion Notes Appendix English for academic purposes Summary Introduction Resources Approach Analysis 1: Clusters in academic writing in English Single word lists Two-word clusters Three-word clusters Four-word clusters Cluster lists - conclusion Analysis 2: Clusters in apprentice texts The Poznan literature MA dissertation corpus Comparing expert with apprentice academic writing Comparing apprentice academic writing with general academic texts and expert texts in literary studies BNC_LIT vs. POZ_LIT - mapping similarity and difference: Three-word clusters BNC_LIT vs. POZ_LIT - mapping similarity and difference: Four-word clusters Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Identifying contrast between apprentice and expert performances - An interim conclusion Notes Appendix - BNC texts Poznan literature dissertation titles What counts in current journalism Summary Introduction Resources Approach Analysis 1: Who, what, where? Who? Second step - Check the immediate collocates What and where? Analysis 1: Conclusion Analysis 2: It's a man's world - gender balance in the Guardian Weekly's news reporting Titles Pronouns Discussion 1: Family words. Discussion 2: Nouns Discussion 3: Verbs Analysis 2: Conclusion Analysis 3: A changing world - UK news 1996-2001 UK News top five - GW_UK_NEWS vs. BNC UK News top twenty Conclusion Notes Counting things in texts you can't count on Summary Introduction Resources The text Tools Analysis 1 Pivot 1 Pivot 2 Pivot 3 Analysis 2 Wordlists and keyword lists Concordances and keywords But can you count on it? Conclusion References Name index Subject index The series Studies in Corpus Linguistics.
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.