Franklin

Principles of Water Treatment.

Author/Creator:
Howe, Kerry.
Publication:
Somerset : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2012.
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (674 pages)
Edition:
1st ed.
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Subjects:
Water -- Purification.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Summary:
Principles of Water Treatment has been developed from the best selling reference work Water Treatment, 3rd edition by the same author team. It maintains the same quality writing, illustrations, and worked examples as the larger book, but in a smaller format which focuses on the treatment processes and not on the design of the facilities.
Contents:
Intro
Principles of Water Treatment
Contents
Preface
Acknowledgments
Chapter 1 Introduction
1-1 The Importance of Principles
1-2 The Importance of Sustainability
References
Chapter 2 Water Quality and Public Health
2-1 Relationship between Water Quality and Public Health
History of Waterborne Disease
Role of Water in Transmitting Disease
2-2 Source Waters for Municipal Drinking Water Systems
Groundwater
Rivers
Lakes and Reservoirs
Seawater
Wastewater- Impaired Waters
2-3 Regulations of Water Treatment in the United States
U.S. Public Health Service
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Safe Drinking Water Act
SDWA Amendments and Updates
Current Updating Process for Drinking Water Contaminants
Acute versus Chronic Exposure
2-4 Evolving Trends and Challenges in Drinking Water Treatment
2-5 Summary and Study Guide
References
Chapter 3 Process Selection
3-1 Process Selection Based on Contaminant Properties
3-2 Other Considerations in Process Selection
Removal Efficiency
Reliability
Multiple-Barrier Concept
Flexibility
Successful Operating History
Utility Experience
Cost
3-3 Sustainability and Energy Considerations
Life-Cycle Assessment
Life-Cycle Assessment of Water Treatment Facilities
3-4 Design and Selection of Process Trains
3-5 Summary and Study Guide
Homework Problems
References
Chapter 4 Fundamental Principles of Environmental Engineering
4-1 Units of Expression for Chemical Concentrations
4-2 Chemical Equilibrium
Reaction Stoichiometry
Concentration and Activity
Equilibrium Constants
Temperature Dependence of Equilibrium Constants
4-3 Chemical Kinetics
Rate Equations and Reaction Order
Empirical Reaction Rate Expressions
Effect of Temperature on Rate Constants.
Determining Reaction Rate Constants
4-4 Reactions Used in Water Treatment
Acid-Base Reactions
Precipitation-Dissolution Reactions
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
4-5 Mass Balance Analysis
Control Volumes and System Boundaries
Fundamental Mass Balance Equation
Accumulation Term
Input and Output Terms
Reaction Term
4-6 Introduction to Reactors and Reactor Analysis
Types of Reactors
Time Dependence
Reaction Characteristics
Input Characteristics for Flow Reactors
4-7 Reactions in Batch Reactors
4-8 Hydraulic Characteristics of Ideal Flow Reactors
Completely Mixed Flow Reactor
Plug Flow Reactor
4-9 Reactions in Ideal Flow Reactors
Completely Mixed Flow Reactor
Plug Flow Reactor
4-10 Measuring the Hydraulic Characteristics of Flow Reactors with Tracer Tests
Analysis of Tracer Data
4-11 Describing the Hydraulic Performance of Real Flow Reactors
The t10/τ Ratio
The Tanks-in-Series Model
4-12 Reactions in Real Flow Reactors
4-13 Introduction to Mass Transfer
4-14 Molecular Diffusion
Brownian Motion
Fick's First Law
Diffusion in the Presence of Fluid Flow
4-15 Diffusion Coefficients
Liquid-Phase Diffusion Coefficients for Large Molecules and Particles
Liquid-Phase Diffusion Coefficients for Small Neutral Molecules
Liquid-Phase Diffusion Coefficients for Electrolytes
Gas-Phase Diffusion Coefficients for Organic Compounds
4-16 Models and Correlations for Mass Transfer at an Interface
Surface Area Available for Mass Transfer
Film Model
Two-Film Model
Boundary Layer Models
4-17 Evaluating the Concentration Gradient with Operating Diagrams
Development of Operating Diagrams
Analysis Using Operating Diagrams
4-18 Summary and Study Guide
Homework Problems
References
Chapter 5 Coagulation and Flocculation.
5-1 Role of Coagulation and Flocculation in Water Treatment
Coagulation Process
Flocculation Process
Practical Design Issues
5-2 Stability of Particles in Water
Particle-Solvent Interactions
Electrical Properties of Particles
Particle Stability
Destabilization
5-3 Principles of Coagulation
Adsorption and Charge Neutralization
Adsorption and Interparticle Bridging
Precipitation and Enmeshment
5-4 Coagulation Practice
Inorganic Metallic Coagulants
Organic Polymers
Enhanced Coagulation
Jar Testing for Coagulant Evaluation
5-5 Principles of Mixing for Coagulation and Flocculation
5-6 Rapid-Mix Practice
5-7 Principles of Flocculation
Rate of Particle Collision
Collision Frequency Function
Comparison of Collision Frequency Functions
5-8 Flocculation Practice
Vertical Turbine Flocculators
Horizontal Paddle Wheel Flocculators
5-9 Energy and Sustainability Considerations
5-10 Summary and Study Guide
Homework Problems
References
Chapter 6 Sedimentation
6-1 Principles of Discrete (Type I) Particle Settling
6-2 Discrete Settling in Ideal Rectangulor Sedimentation Basins
6-3 Principles of Flocculant (Type II) Particle Settling
Advantages of Flocculant Settling
Analysis of Flocculant Settling
6-4 Principles of Hindered (Type III) Settling
Solids Flux Analysis
Limiting Flux Rate
Area Required for Solids Thickening
6-5 Conventional Sedimentation Basin Design
Rectangular Sedimentation Basins
Circular Sedimentation Basins and Upflow Clarifiers
6-6 Alternative Sedimentation Processes
Tube and Lamella Plate Clarifiers
Solids Contact Clarifiers
Ballasted Sedimentation
6-7 Physical Factors Affecting Sedimentation
Density Currents
Wind Effects
Outlet Currents
Equipment Movement.
6-8 Energy and Sustainability Considerations
6-9 Summary and Study Guide
Homework Problems
References
Chapter 7 Rapid Granular Filtration
7-1 Physical Description of a Rapid Granular Filter
Filter Media
Underdrains
Surface Wash
Wash Troughs
Gullet
Valves and Piping
Flow Control
7-2 Process Description of Rapid Filtration
Filtration Rate
Pretreatment Requirements
7-3 Particle Capture in Granular Filtration
Straining
Depth Filtration
Formulation of a Filtration Model
Transport Mechanisms
Sedimentation
Interception
Attachment Efficiency
7-4 Head Loss through a Clean Filter Bed
7-5 Modeling of Performance and Optimization
7-6 Backwash Hydraulics
Stratification
Multimedia Filters
Removal of Fines
7-7 Energy and Sustainability Considerations
7-8 Summary and Study Guide
Homework Problems
References
Chapter 8 Membrane Filtration
8-1 Classification of Membrane Processes
8-2 Comparison to Rapid Granular Filtration
8-3 Principal Features of Membrane Filtration Equipment
Membrane Geometry
Filtration Direction through Hollow Fibers
Material Properties
Material Chemistry
Internal Membrane Structure
Module Configuration
8-4 Process Description of Membrane Filtration
Cross-Flow and Dead End Flow Regimes
Pretreatment
Backwash
Chemically Enhanced Backwash
Chemical Wash Cycle
Clean-in-Place Cycle
Integrity Testing and Monitoring
Posttreatment
Residual Handling
8-5 Particle Capture in Membrane Filtration
Retention Rating
Rejection and Log Removal
Filtration Mechanisms
Removal of Microorganisms
8-6 Hydraulics of Flow through Membrane Filters
Temperature and Pressure Dependence
8-7 Membrane Fouling
Mechanisms of Fouling
Reversibility of Fouling
Fouling by Natural Organic Matter.
Resistance-in-Series Model
Membrane Fouling Index
8-8 Sizing of Membrane Skids
8-9 Energy and Sustainability Considerations
8-10 Summary and Study Guide
Homework Problems
References
Chapter 9 Reverse Osmosis
9-1 Principal Features of a Reverse Osmosis Facility
Membrane Elements
Membrane Structure and Chemistry
Membrane Skids, Stages, and Arrays
Pretreatment
Posttreatment
Concentrate Stream Energy Recovery
Concentrate Management
9-2 Osmotic Pressure and Reverse Osmosis
Diffusion and Osmosis
Osmotic Pressure
Reverse Osmosis
9-3 Mass Transfer of Water and Solutes through RO Membranes
Mass Transfer through Dense Materials-The Solution-Diffusion Model
Mechanisms of Solute Rejection
Quantifying Solute Rejection
Equations for Water and Solute Flux
9-4 Performance Dependence on Temperature and Pressure
9-5 Concentration Polarization
9-6 Fouling and Scaling
Fouling by Particulate Matter
Scaling from Precipitation of Inorganic Salts
Fouling from Oxidation and Precipitation of Soluble Metals
Biological Fouling
9-7 Element Selection and Membrane Array Design
Manufacturer Design Programs
Pilot Testing
9-8 Energy and Sustainability Considerations
9-9 Summary and Study Guide
Homework Problems
References
Chapter 10 Adsorption and Ion Exchange
10-1 Introduction to the Adsorption Process
Pore Size and Surface Area
Adsorption Media
Adsorption Contactors
Adsorption Mechanisms
10-2 Adsorption Equilibrium
Langmuir Isotherm for a Single Solute
Freundlich Isotherm for a Single Solute
Multicomponent Adsorption
10-3 Adsorption Kinetics
10-4 Introduction to the Ion Exchange Process
Ion Exchange Resin Structure
Classification of Resins by Functional Group
Ion Exchange Contactors
Exchange Capacity
Selectivity.
10-5 Ion Exchange Equilibrium.
Notes:
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
Local notes:
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Contributor:
Hand, David W.
Crittenden, John C.
Trussell, R. Rhodes.
Tchobanoglous, George.
Howe, Kerry J.
Crittenden, John C.
Other format:
Print version: Howe, Kerry Principles of Water Treatment
ISBN:
9781118309674
9780470405383
OCLC:
795504463