The Sociology and Politics of Development : A Theoretical Study.
- Other records:
- 1st ed.
- London : Taylor & Francis Group, 2011.
- Routledge Library Editions: Development Ser.
Routledge Library Editions: Development Ser.
1 online resource (448 pages)
- Social change.
Developing countries -- Social conditions.
- Electronic books.
- Originally published in 1980, this work answers the crucial question of how social change should be guided in the developing countries. Professor Varma begins by posing the problems of the general scope of modernization and the general criteria used in the modernization process. He examines carefully some of the models that have been used for this purpose in the past, providing extensive summaries of the views on modernization of theorists in various social science disciplines, including sociology, politics, economics, and anthropology, and stresses the importance of these views in guiding policy decisions. The book concludes with a comparison of the development processes of the United States, the Soviet Union, China, Japan and India.
1 General perspective
Dimensions of modernization
Political and economic
2 The paradigm and the problematics of modernization
The problematics of modernization
Problematics in ideological theories
Problematics in social scientific theories
Problematics in activistic theories
Further thoughts on problematics
3 The ideological theories of modernization
The revolutionary model
The evolutionary model
The Catholic model
The Kemalist model
The African socialist model
The Gandhian model
4 On the theory and the methodology of modernization studies
5 The sociological theories of modernization
Social change and modernization
The variables of modernization
The models of modernization
The pattern variables model
The sociocultural system model
The exposition of the models
General modernization theories
Mature modern society analysis
Mass culture and mass society
'Cosmopolitan' and 'local'
Population: the theory of demographic transition
6 The economic and political theories of modernization
The variables of economic growth
The models of economic growth
Strategies of economic growth
Linkages to other disciplines
The Anglo-American polities
The variables of political development
The models of political development
Some pivotal issues (nationalism, political development, democracy, interest groups, ideology and leadership)
7 The anthropological theories of modernization
Evolution and development
'Folk' society to urban anthropology
The culture of poverty debate
The community in the larger society
The community and the nation
8 The activistic theories of modernization
The gradualist approach
Other catalytic factors
The revolutionary approach
The Marxist revolution
The non-Marxist revolution
Goal maintenance (Achieving power, consolidating revolutionary change, national planning)
9 Modernization theories: a summation
10 Modernization for what?
The history of modernization
The meaning of modernization
The goals of modernization
The strategies of modernization
(i) The revolutionary approach versus the evolutionary approach
(ii) Nationalism versus internationalism
(iii) Political development versus economic growth
(iv) Centralization versus decentralization
(v) Elitism versus democracy
The city and the country
Imperatives of modernization
Public images of modernization
(ii) Utopian image
(iii) Realistic image
Models of modernization
(i) The capitalist model
(ii) The socialist model
Rights in property
(ii) Social dimensions of modernization.
Profiles in modernization
People's Republic of China
- Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
- Local notes:
- Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
- Other format:
- Print version: Varma, Baidya Nath The Sociology and Politics of Development
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