The Internet of Things : Key Applications and Protocols.

Hersent, Olivier.
Hoboken : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2012.
1 online resource (372 pages)
2nd ed.

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An all-in-one reference to the major Home Area Networking, Building Automation and AMI protocols, including 802.15.4 over radio or PLC, 6LowPAN/RPL, ZigBee 1.0 and Smart Energy 2.0, Zwave, LON, BACNet, KNX, ModBus, mBus, C.12 and DLMS/COSEM, and the new ETSI M2M system level standard. In-depth coverage of Smart-grid and EV charging use cases. This book describes the Home Area Networking, Building Automation and AMI protocols and their evolution towards open protocols based on IP such as 6LowPAN and ETSI M2M. The authors discuss the approach taken by service providers to interconnect the protocols and solve the challenge of massive scalability of machine-to-machine communication for mission-critical applications, based on the next generation machine-to-machine ETSI M2M architecture. The authors demonstrate, using the example of the smartgrid use case, how the next generation utilities, by interconnecting and activating our physical environment, will be able to deliver more energy (notably for electric vehicles) with less impact on our natural resources. Key Features: Offers a comprehensive overview of major existing M2M and AMI protocols Covers the system aspects of large scale M2M and smart grid applications Focuses on system level architecture, interworking, and nationwide use cases Explores recent emerging technologies: 6LowPAN, ZigBee SE 2.0 and ETSI M2M, and for existing technologies covers recent developments related to interworking Relates ZigBee to the issue of smartgrid, in the more general context of carrier grade M2M applications Illustrates the benefits of the smartgrid concept based on real examples, including business cases This book will be a valuable guide for project managers working on smartgrid, M2M, telecommunications and utility projects, system engineers and developers, networking companies, and home automation
companies. It will also be of use to senior academic researchers, students, and policy makers and regulators.
List of Acronyms
1 IEEE 802.15.4
1.1 The IEEE 802 Committee Family of Protocols
1.2 The Physical Layer
1.2.1 Interferences with Other Technologies
1.2.2 Choice of a 802.15.4 Communication Channel, Energy Detection, Link Quality Information
1.2.3 Sending a Data Frame
1.3 The Media-Access Control Layer
1.3.1 802.15.4 Reduced Function and Full Function Devices, Coordinators, and the PAN Coordinator
1.3.2 Association
1.3.3 802.15.4 Addresses
1.3.4 802.15.4 Frame Format
1.3.5 Security
1.4 Uses of 802.15.4
1.5 The Future of 802.15.4: 802.15.4e and 802.15.4g
1.5.1 802.15.4e
1.5.2 802.15.4g
2 Powerline Communication for M2M Applications
2.1 Overview of PLC Technologies
2.2 PLC Landscape
2.2.1 The Historical Period (1950-2000)
2.2.2 After Year 2000: The Maturity of PLC
2.3 Powerline Communication: A Constrained Media
2.3.1 Powerline is a Difficult Channel
2.3.2 Regulation Limitations
2.3.3 Power Consumption
2.3.4 Lossy Network
2.3.5 Powerline is a Shared Media and Coexistence is not an Optional Feature
2.4 The Ideal PLC System for M2M
2.4.1 Openness and Availability
2.4.2 Range
2.4.3 Power Consumption
2.4.4 Data Rate
2.4.5 Robustness
2.4.6 EMC Regulatory Compliance
2.4.7 Coexistence
2.4.8 Security
2.4.9 Latency
2.4.10 Interoperability with M2M Wireless Services
2.5 Conclusion
3 The BACnetTM Protocol
3.1 Standardization
3.1.1 United States
3.1.2 Europe
3.1.3 Interworking
3.2 Technology
3.2.1 Physical Layer
3.2.2 Link Layer
3.2.3 Network Layer
3.2.4 Transport and Session Layers.
3.2.5 Presentation and Application Layers
3.3 BACnet Security
3.4 BACnet Over Web Services (Annex N, Annex H6)
3.4.1 The Generic WS Model
3.4.2 BACnet/WS Services
3.4.3 The Web Services Profile for BACnet Objects
3.4.4 Future Improvements
4 The LonWorks R Control Networking Platform
4.1 Standardization
4.1.1 United States of America
4.1.2 Europe
4.1.3 China
4.2 Technology
4.2.1 Physical Layer
4.2.2 Link Layer
4.2.3 Network Layer
4.2.4 Transport Layer
4.2.5 Session Layer
4.2.6 Presentation Layer
4.2.7 Application Layer
4.3 Web Services Interface for LonWorks Networks: Echelon SmartServer
4.4 A REST Interface for LonWorks
4.4.1 LonBridge REST Transactions
4.4.2 Requests
4.4.3 Responses
4.4.4 LonBridge REST Resources
5 ModBus
5.1 Introduction
5.2 ModBus Standardization
5.3 ModBus Message Framing and Transmission Modes
5.4 ModBus/TCP
6.1 The Konnex/KNX Association
6.2 Standardization
6.3 KNX Technology Overview
6.3.1 Physical Layer
6.3.2 Data Link and Routing Layers, Addressing
6.3.3 Transport Layer
6.3.4 Application Layer
6.3.5 KNX Devices, Functional Blocks and Interworking
6.4 Device Configuration
7 ZigBee
7.1 Development of the Standard
7.2 ZigBee Architecture
7.2.1 ZigBee and 802.15.4
7.2.2 ZigBee Protocol Layers
7.2.3 ZigBee Node Types
7.3 Association
7.3.1 Forming a Network
7.3.2 Joining a Parent Node in a Network Using 802.15.4 Association
7.3.3 Using NWK Rejoin
7.4 The ZigBee Network Layer
7.4.1 Short-Address Allocation
7.4.2 Network Layer Frame Format
7.4.3 Packet Forwarding
7.4.4 Routing Support Primitives
7.4.5 Routing Algorithms
7.5 The ZigBee APS Layer
7.5.1 Endpoints, Descriptors
7.5.2 The APS Frame.
7.6 The ZigBee Device Object (ZDO) and the ZigBee Device Profile (ZDP)
7.6.1 ZDP Device and Service Discovery Services (Mandatory)
7.6.2 ZDP Network Management Services (Mandatory)
7.6.3 ZDP Binding Management Services (Optional)
7.6.4 Group Management
7.7 ZigBee Security
7.7.1 ZigBee and 802.15.4 Security
7.7.2 Key Types
7.7.3 The Trust Center
7.7.4 The ZDO Permissions Table
7.8 The ZigBee Cluster Library (ZCL)
7.8.1 Cluster
7.8.2 Attributes
7.8.3 Commands
7.8.4 ZCL Frame
7.9 ZigBee Application Profiles
7.9.1 The Home Automation (HA) Application Profile
7.9.2 ZigBee Smart Energy 1.0 (ZSE or AMI)
7.10 The ZigBee Gateway Specification for Network Devices
7.10.1 The ZGD
7.10.2 GRIP Binding
7.10.3 SOAP Binding
7.10.4 REST Binding
7.10.5 Example IPHA-ZGD Interaction Using the REST Binding
8 Z-Wave
8.1 History and Management of the Protocol
8.2 The Z-Wave Protocol
8.2.1 Overview
8.2.2 Z-Wave Node Types
8.2.3 RF and MAC Layers
8.2.4 Transfer Layer
8.2.5 Routing Layer
8.2.6 Application Layer
9 M-Bus and Wireless M-Bus
9.1 Development of the Standard
9.2 M-Bus Architecture
9.2.1 Physical Layer
9.2.2 Link Layer
9.2.3 Network Layer
9.2.4 Application Layer
9.3 Wireless M-Bus
9.3.1 Physical Layer
9.3.2 Data-Link Layer
9.3.3 Application Layer
9.3.4 Security
10 The ANSI C12 Suite
10.1 Introduction
10.2 C12.19: The C12 Data Model
10.2.1 The Read and Write Minimum Services
10.2.2 Some Remarkable C12.19 Tables
10.3 C12.18: Basic Point-to-Point Communication Over an Optical Port
10.4 C12.21: An Extension of C12.18 for Modem Communication
10.4.1 Interactions with the Data-Link Layer
10.4.2 Modifications and Additions to C12.19 Tables.
10.5 C12.22: C12.19 Tables Transport Over Any Networking Communication System
10.5.1 Reference Topology and Network Elements
10.5.2 C12.22 Node to C12.22 Network Communications
10.5.3 C12.22 Device to C12.22 Communication Module Interface
10.5.4 C12.19 Updates
10.6 Other Parts of ANSI C12 Protocol Suite
10.7 RFC 6142: C12.22 Transport Over an IP Network
10.8 REST-Based Interfaces to C12.19
11.1 DLMS Standardization
11.1.1 The DLMS UA
11.1.2 DLMS/COSEM, the Colored Books
11.1.3 DLMS Standardization in IEC
11.2 The COSEM Data Model
11.3 The Object Identification System (OBIS)
11.4 The DLMS/COSEM Interface Classes
11.4.1 Data-Storage ICs
11.4.2 Association ICs
11.4.3 Time- and Event-Bound ICs
11.4.4 Communication Setup Channel Objects
11.5 Accessing COSEM Interface Objects
11.5.1 The Application Association Concept
11.5.2 The DLMS/COSEM Communication Framework
11.5.3 The Data Communication Services of COSEM Application Layer
11.6 End-to-End Security in the DLMS/COSEM Approach
11.6.1 Access Control Security
11.6.2 Data-Transport Security
12 6LoWPAN and RPL
12.1 Overview
12.2 What is 6LoWPAN? 6LoWPAN and RPL Standardization
12.3 Overview of the 6LoWPAN Adaptation Layer
12.3.1 Mesh Addressing Header
12.3.2 Fragment Header
12.3.3 IPv6 Compression Header
12.4 Context-Based Compression: IPHC
12.5 RPL
12.5.1 RPL Control Messages
12.5.2 Construction of the DODAG and Upward Routes
12.6 Downward Routes, Multicast Membership
12.7 Packet Routing
12.7.1 RPL Security
13 ZigBee Smart Energy 2.0
13.1 REST Overview
13.1.1 Uniform Interfaces, REST Resources and Resource Identifiers
13.1.2 REST Verbs
13.1.3 Other REST Constraints, and What is REST After All?.
13.2 ZigBee SEP 2.0 Overview
13.2.1 ZigBee IP
13.2.2 ZigBee SEP 2.0 Resources
13.3 Function Sets and Device Types
13.3.1 Base Function Set
13.3.2 Group Enrollment
13.3.3 Meter
13.3.4 Pricing
13.3.5 Demand Response and Load Control Function Set
13.3.6 Distributed Energy Resources
13.3.7 Plug-In Electric Vehicle
13.3.8 Messaging
13.3.9 Registration
13.4 ZigBee SE 2.0 Security
13.4.1 Certificates
13.4.2 IP Level Security
13.4.3 Application-Level Security
14 The ETSI M2M Architecture
14.1 Introduction to ETSI TC M2M
14.2 System Architecture
14.2.1 High-Level Architecture
14.2.2 Reference Points
14.2.3 Service Capabilities
14.3 ETSI M2M SCL Resource Structure
14.3.1 SCL Resources
14.3.2 Application Resources
14.3.3 Access Right Resources
14.3.4 Container Resources
14.3.5 Group Resources
14.3.6 Subscription and Notification Channel Resources
14.4 ETSI M2M Interactions Overview
14.5 Security in the ETSI M2M Framework
14.5.1 Key Management
14.5.2 Access Lists
14.6 Interworking with Machine Area Networks
14.6.1 Mapping M2M Networks to ETSI M2M Resources
14.6.2 Interworking with ZigBee 1.0
14.6.3 Interworking with C.12
14.6.4 Interworking with DLMS/COSEM
14.7 Conclusion on ETSI M2M
15 The Smart Grid
15.1 Introduction
15.2 The Marginal Cost of Electricity: Base and Peak Production
15.3 Managing Demand: The Next Challenge of Electricity Operators . . . and Why M2M Will Become a Key Technology
15.4 Demand Response for Transmission System Operators (TSO)
15.4.1 Grid-Balancing Authorities: The TSOs
15.4.2 Power Shedding: Who Pays What?
15.4.3 Automated Demand Response
15.5 Case Study: RTE in France.
15.5.1 The Public-Network Stabilization and Balancing Mechanisms in France.
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Boswarthick, David.
Elloumi, Omar.
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Print version: Hersent, Olivier The Internet of Things