Franklin

Challenges and goals for accelerators in the XXI century / editors, Oliver Brüning, Stephen Myers.

Publication:
Hackensack, New Jersey : World Scientific, 2016.
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (855 p.)
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Subjects:
Particle accelerators.
Colliders (Nuclear physics).
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Language:
English
Summary:
"The past 100 years of accelerator-based research have led the field from first insights into the structure of atoms to the development and confirmation of the Standard Model of physics. Accelerators have been a key tool in developing our understanding of the elementary particles and the forces that govern their interactions. This book describes the past 100 years of accelerator development with a special focus on the technological advancements in the field, the connection of the various accelerator projects to key developments and discoveries in the Standard Model, how accelerator technologies open the door to other applications in medicine and industry, and finally presents an outlook of future accelerator projects for the coming decades."--Provided by publisher.
Contents:
Contents; Foreword; Part 1: Introduction; Chapter 1. Particle accelerators and the progress of particle physics; 1 The Standard Model of fundamental interactions; 2 Accelerators, and the experimental path towards the standard model; 2.1 The gauge bosons sector of the SM; 2.2 The fermionic sector of the SM; 2.3 The flavour structure of the SM; 2.4 The dynamics of the SM; 3 Complementarity and synergy of different accelerator facilities; 4 The future challenges; Chapter 2. Energy revolution: From static fields to cavity resonators; 1 Introduction; 2 Particle acceleration; 2.1 Lorentz force
2.2 Maxwell equations and vector and scalar potentials3 Electrostatic accelerators; 3.1 High voltage acceleration columns; 3.2 Cockcroft and Walton rectifier circuit; 3.3 Van de Graaff generator; 3.4 The Tandem Generator; 4 Particle acceleration using time varying voltage generators; 4.1 Drift tube linear accelerator; 4.2 The Cyclotron; 4.3 The Betatron; 5 Particle acceleration using electromagnetic waves; 5.1 Electromagnetic waves and waveguides; 5.2 RF cavities; 5.3 Alvarez tank linear accelerators; 5.4 The Synchrotron; 5.5 Linear accelerators
2.5 Interaction region and luminosity2.6 Optimisation and energy scaling; 3 LEP; 3.1 Energy and ring geometry; 3.2 Arc optics; 3.3 RF-system; 3.4 Energy calibration; 3.5 Transverse polarization; 3.6 Energy calibration by resonant depolarisation; 3.7 Z boson resonance scans; 3.8 Sources of energy variation; 3.8.1 Magnetic field stability; 3.8.2 Circumference variations and tides; 3.8.3 Centre-of-mass energies; 3.9 Summary of LEP 1 energy calibration; 3.10 Energy calibration at LEP 2; 3.11 Luminosity performance; Acknowledgments; References; Chapter 5. SLC: The first linear collider
1 Luminosity2 Layout; 3 Beam dynamics; 4 Diagnostics; 5 Performance; References; Chapter 6. Asymmetric B-factories; 1 Physics motivation; 2 Double ring collider; 3 Luminosity; 4 Crossing angle; 5 Storing high current; 6 Electron cloud; 7 Beam optics; 8 Beam diagnostics and control; 9 Collision tuning; 10 Injector; 11 Crab crossing; References; 2.2 Particle Accelerators in the XX Century: Hadron Accelerators for HEP; Chapter 7. The Cosmotron and the Bevatron: The first GeV accelerators; 1 The development of the proton synchrotron; 2 The first proton synchrotrons; References
Chapter 8. The PS and the AGS: The first strong focusing proton synchrotrons
Notes:
Description based upon print version of record.
Includes bibliographical references at the end of each chapters.
Description based on print version record.
Contributor:
Brüning, O., editor.
Myers, S. (Stephen), 1946- editor.
ISBN:
981-4436-40-2