Franklin

Stalinist Science / Nikolai Krementsov.

Author/Creator:
Krement︠s︡ov, N. L., author., Author,
Publication:
Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, [1996]
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (368 pages) : 3 line illustrations 5 tables
Edition:
Course Book
Contained In:
De Gruyter University Press Library.
Status/Location:
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Subjects:
Communism -- Soviet Union -- History.
Communism -- Soviet Union -- History -- 20th century.
Science -- History.
Science -- Soviet Union -- History.
Science -- Soviet Union -- History -- 20th century.
Language:
In English.
System Details:
Mode of access: Internet via World Wide Web.
text file PDF
Summary:
Some scholars have viewed the Soviet state and science as two monolithic entities--with bureaucrats as oppressors, and scientists as defenders of intellectual autonomy. Based on previously unknown documents from the archives of state and Communist Party agencies and of numerous scientific institutions, Stalinist Science shows that this picture is oversimplified. Even the reinstated Science Department within the Central Committee was staffed by a leading geneticist and others sympathetic to conventional science. In fact, a symbiosis of state bureaucrats and scientists established a much more terrifying system of control over the scientific community than any critic of Soviet totalitarianism had feared. Some scientists, on the other hand, developed more elaborate devices to avoid and exploit this control system than any advocate of academic freedom could have reasonably hoped.Nikolai Krementsov argues that the model of Stalinist science, already taking hold during the thirties, was reversed by the need for inter-Allied cooperation during World War II. Science, as a tool for winning the war and as a diplomatic and propaganda instrument, began to enjoy higher status, better funding, and relative autonomy. Even the reinstated Science Department within the Central Committee was staffed by a leading geneticist and others sympathetic to conventional science. However, the onset of the Cold War led to a campaign for eliminating such servility to the West. Then the Western links that had benefited genetics and other sciences during the war and through 1946 became a liability, and were used by Lysenko and others to turn back to the repressive past and to delegitimate whole research directions.
Contents:
Frontmatter
CONTENTS
LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES
PREFACE
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
INTRODUCTION
PART I: THE MAKING OF STALINIST SCIENCE
Introduction
CHAPTER 1. Russian Science in Transition, 1890-1929
CHAPTER 2. The Stalinization of Russian Science, 1929-1939
CHAPTER 3. Stalinist Science in Action: The Case of Genetics
KEY EVENTS, 1917-1939
PART II: STALINIST SCIENCE IN THE 1940S
Introduction
CHAPTER 4. World War II and the Sweet Fruits of Victory
CHAPTER 5. On the Threshold of the Cold War, 1946-1947
CHAPTER 6. The Fateful Year: 1948
KEY EVENTS, 1941-1953
PART III: THE CONSOLIDATION OF STALINIST SCIENCE
Introduction
CHAPTER 7. Talking the Talk: Ritual and Rhetoric
CHAPTER 8. Walking the Walk: Education versus Research
CHAPTER 9. The Realities of Stalinist Science: Careerism and Institutional Rivalry
CONCLUSION
APPENDIX A: Stalinist Scientific "Newspeak": A Glossary
APPENDIX B: Key Figures
NOTES
NAME INDEX
SUBJECT INDEX
Notes:
Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page (publisher's Web site, viewed 30. Aug 2021)
Contributor:
De Gruyter.
ISBN:
9781400822140
OCLC:
979749077
Publisher Number:
10.1515/9781400822140 doi
Access Restriction:
Restricted for use by site license.